NEW MEXICO JUNIOR COLLEGE

Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, & Fluid Flow

SYLLABUS

- GENERAL COURSE INFORMATION
- COURSE DESCRIPTION
3 Credit Hours This course will provide students with the basic principles of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid flow. Students will be introduced to the properties of fluids, conduction, convection, radiation-heat transfer, and the relationship between types of energy in a fluid stream. This is a three credit hour course.

- COURSE RATIONALE / TRANSFERABILITY
This course will meet the requirements of the Energy Technology Degree at New Mexico Junior College; however, it is important to check with the institution to which you are planning to transfer to determine transferability. All students are encouraged to keep the course syllabus, as it will help determine the transferability of this course credit to another institution.

- REQUIRED / SUGGESTED COURSE MATERIALS
**Required:**

[provided by the instructor in the Course Files]*DOE Fundamentals Handbook Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow*Volume 1, 2, and 3**Using LockDown Browser and a Webcam for Online Exams**

This course requires the use of LockDown Browser and a webcam for online exams. The webcam can be built into your computer or can be the type that plugs in with a USB cable. Watch this video (http://www.respondus.com/products/lockdown-browser/student-movie.shtml) to get a basic understanding of LockDown Browser and the webcam feature.**You will be required to pay a one-time fee to use the webcam feature of Respondus Lockdown Browser. Once paid, you will be able to use the webcam for the remainder of the course. If you are on scholarship, this fee should be paid from your scholarship funds.**

You must download and install LockDown Browser from this link:

(https://nmjc.instructure.com/courses/1273417/modules/items/13487969)

Note: Don't download a copy of LockDown Browser from elsewhere on the Internet; those versions won't work at our institution.

To take an online test, start LockDown Browser and navigate to the exam. (You won't be able to access the exam with a standard web browser.) For additional details on using LockDown Browser, review this Student Quick Start Guide (http://www.respondus.com/products/lockdown-browser/guides.shtml#student).

Finally, when taking an online exam, follow these guidelines:

• Ensure you're in a location where you won't be interrupted.

• Turn off all mobile devices, phones, etc.

• Clear your desk of all external materials — books, papers, other computers, or devices.

• Remain at your desk or workstation for the duration of the test.

• If a webcam is required, make sure it is plugged in or enabled before starting LockDown Browser.

• LockDown Browser will prevent you from accessing other websites or applications; you will be unable to exit the test until all questions are completed and submitted.

• If a webcam is required, you will be recorded during the test to ensure you're using only permitted resources.**Suggested:**

. This resource has been adopted by New Mexico Junior College as the common reference book for students to use for writing assignments in their courses. This book is available at the NMJC bookstore.*Harbrace Essentials with Resources Writing in Disciplines*2nd Edition by Cheryl Glenn & Loretta Gray (ISBN-10: 1285451813)

NOTE: Generally no books are available at the NMJC book store for the Energy Technology degree. If a text is required a link will be provided in the course syllabus. When DOE Handbooks or Modules are required they will be provided in the course.You can buy your books online at the NMJC Bookstore.

- GRADING POLICY
Students attending New Mexico Junior College will be evaluated according to the following grading scale:

90 - 100% = A 80 - 89% = B 70 - 79% = C 60 - 69% = D 0 - 59% = F

This course is graded on a point system with the final grade based on a percentage of the total points of all exams/quizzes and written assignments.

Grading is based on a weighted system as outlined below:**8 Quizzes (720 points) [Weighted together as one grade] (20% of total grade)**

4 Group Discussions (100 points) [Combined as one grade] (10% of total grade)

2 Written Discussions (100 points each) [Weighted together as one grade] (25% of total grade)

1 Written Report (100 points) (25% of total grade)

1 Final Exam (100 points) (20% of total grade)

Total: 1220 points**Response Time Frames:**

The instructor will respond to student e-mail within 24 hours on week days and 48 hours on weekends.

Grades for written assignments will generally be posted within a week of the due date if due mid-term or the day before final grades are submitted for end-of-term assignments.**Retrieving Grades from T-BirdWeb Portal**

Go to the New Mexico Junior College T-BirdWeb Portal login page. Please enter your User Identification Number (ID), which is your Banner ID, and your Personal Identification Number (PIN). When finished, click Login.**Tips for Success in Online Courses:**

1. Log in to class regularly.

2. Pay attention.

3. Take notes.

4. Keep up with readings and assignments.

5. Ask questions when you do not understand something.

6. Utilize your professor’s office hours and e-mail.

7. Read the text.

8. Adhere to the deadlines posted in the course outline. - INSTITUTIONAL STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
New Mexico Junior College’s institutional student learning outcomes represent the knowledge and abilities developed by students attending New Mexico Junior College. Upon completion students should achieve the following learning outcomes along with specific curriculum outcomes for respective areas of study:

- Communication
- Comprehend information to summarize, analyze, evaluate, and apply to a specific situation.
- Communicate in an accurate, correct, and understandable manner.
- Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
- Define a problem and arrive at a logical solution.
- Use appropriate technology and information systems to collect, analyze, and organize information.
- Apply critical thinking, analysis, and problem solving to data.
- Self and Community
- Analyze and reflect on the ethical dimensions of legal, social, and / or scientific issues.
- Communicate an awareness of a variety of perspectives of ethical issues.
- Interact with individuals and within groups with integrity and awareness of others’ opinions, feelings and values.

- DEPARTMENTAL STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
1. Accurately solve problems using foundational mathematics, physical sciences, and energy technology concepts.

2. Demonstrate an understanding of environmental safety in regards to energy industry processes and procedures.

3. Conduct, analyze, and/or interpret real world scenarios and case studies or laboratory experiments.

4. Demonstrate effective oral and written communication skills using specific energy technology terminology.

5. Demonstrate knowledge of energy systems and operations.

- SPECIFIC COURSE STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
1. Demonstrate an understanding of the basics of classical and nuclear physics, energy use, nuclear power, and nuclear fuel cycles. (DSLO 5)

2. Analyze the cause of different nuclear reactions. (DSLO 3)

- REQUIRED TECHNICAL COMPETENCIES AND EQUIPMENT
**Student Requirements**

If you have not already received login information for Canvas/T-BirdWeb Portal/E-mail, you will need to contact the Enrollment Management office at (575) 492-2546.Check first-time login page for instructions at www.nmjc.edu/distancelearning/coursescourseschedules/canvasinstructions.aspx.

**Canvas Assistance**- Review the Canvas Student Orientation.
- Call the Canvas helpdesk at (575) 399-2199 for assistance and have your course CRN (ex. 10023) and/or student ID number available.

You must have access, on a regular basis, to a computer that supports the Canvas minimum specifications and has an active connection to the Internet. See the minimum computer specification requirements at www.nmjc.edu/distancelearning/coursescourseschedules/Canvasinstructions.aspx.

- GENERAL/MISCELLANEOUS
**Students will be held responsible for the information on these pages.****Academic Honesty**

Each student is expected to maintain the highest standards of honesty and integrity in online academic and professional matters. The College reserves the right to take disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, against any student who is found guilty of academic dishonesty or otherwise fails to meet these standards. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in quizzes, tests, or assignments; claiming credit for work not done or done by others; and nondisclosure or misrepresentation in filling out applications or other College records. Cheating or gaining illegal information for any type of graded work is considered dishonest and will be dealt with accordingly.**Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Information**

Any student requiring special accommodations should contact the Special Needs Student Services Coordinator at (575) 492-2576 or by e-mail at krueda@nmjc.edu.**Attendance Policy and Participation Expectations**

It is expected that you regularly log into class at least three times weekly and check your Canvas mail to ensure you have not missed any changes/updates. Students are expected to complete discussions/quizzes/tests/ assignments before deadlines expire.**Canvas Help**

If you experience difficulty with Canvas you may reach the Canvas Helpdesk at canvashelpdesk@nmjc.edu, or by calling the 24 hour helpdesk phone at (575) 399-2199.**Netiquette**

The professor is responsible for monitoring and evaluating student conduct and student behavior within the Canvas course. By registering for this class, the student is assumed to have entered into an agreement with New Mexico Junior College and the professor to log into the class regularly and to behave in an**appropriate**manner at all times. Disruptive behavior**may**result in the student being removed from the class and dropped for the semester. For comprehensive information on the common rules of netiquette and other online issues, please review the NMJC Online Student Handbook.**Online Learning Environment**

By participating in an online class, you undertake responsibility for your own progress and time management.- Pay attention to deadlines and do not forget them (keep a calendar if it helps).
- Carefully read and understand all assignments.
- Complete assignments according to posted instructions and notes. Do not just glance at an assignment before attempting to complete it (this is likely to result in a poor grade).
- Questions may be posed for clarification in the class discussion area or by sending an e-mail to your instructor.

**Plagiarism**

Offering the work of another as one’s own, without proper acknowledgment, is plagiarism; therefore, any student who fails to give credit for quotations or essentially identical expression of material taken from books, encyclopedias, magazines and other reference works, or from the themes, reports, or other writings of a fellow student, is guilty of plagiarism. Plagiarism violates the academic honesty policy and is considered cheating.**Tutoring Assistance**

Free tutoring services are available to all NMJC students through Brainfuse and the Academic Success Center located at the Pannell Library on the 1st floor.**Withdrawal Policy**

The instructor has the right to drop any student who has failed to log on to Canvas for two weeks or more, but it is not guaranteed that the instructor will drop you. If the student chooses to stop attending a class, he/she should withdraw from the class by accessing your student account in the T-Bird Web Portal at www.nmjc.edu, or submitting the required paperwork to the Registrar’s Office by**5:00 p.m. on Friday, February 22, 2019**. Failure to withdraw yourself from a course by this date may result in your receiving an “F” in the course. All students are encouraged to discuss their class status with the professor prior to withdrawing from the class. - ACADEMIC CALENDAR
- FINALS SCHEDULE
- COURSE OUTLINE
**COURSE TOPICS:**

WEEK 1

Course Interactive Module

Module 0: Getting Started

Syllabus Quiz

MODULE 1: Fundamentals (Thermodynamic Properties; Temperature & Pressure Measurements),*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 1 of 3, Module 1

MODULE 1 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given operating conditions of a system, EVALUATE the thermodynamic state of the

system.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.1 DEFINE the following properties:

a. Specific volume

b. Density

c. Specific gravity

d. Humidity

1.2 DESCRIBE the following classifications of thermodynamic properties:

a. Intensive properties

b. Extensive properties

1.4 DESCRIBE the Fahrenheit, Celsius, Kelvin, and Rankine temperature scales including:

a. Absolute zero temperature

b. The freezing point of water at atmospheric pressure

c. The boiling point of water at atmospheric pressure

1.5 CONVERT temperatures between the Fahrenheit, Celsius, Kelvin, and Rankine scales.

1.6 DESCRIBE the relationship between absolute pressure, gauge pressure, and vacuum.

1.7 CONVERT pressures between the following units:

a. Pounds per square inch

b. Inches of water

c. Inches of mercury

d. Millimeters of mercury

e. Microns of mercury

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES

Mass and Weight

Specific Volume

Density

Specific Gravity

Humidity

Intensive and Extensive Properties

Summary

TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS

Temperature

Temperature Scales

Pressure

Pressure Scales

Summary**Interactive Courseware**

Group Discussion 1**WEEK 2**

MODULE 2: Change of Phase,*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 1 of 3, Module 1

MODULE 2 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given operating conditions of a system, EVALUATE the thermodynamic state of the

system.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.13 DISTINGUISH between intensive and extensive properties.

1.14 DEFINE the following terms:

a. Saturation

b. Subcooled liquid

c. Superheated vapor

d. Critical Point

e. Triple Point

f. Vapor pressure curve

g. Quality

h. Moisture content

1.15 DESCRIBE the processes of sublimation, vaporization, condensation, and fusion.

CHANGE OF PHASE

Classification of Properties

Saturation

Saturated and Sub-cooled Liquids

Quality

Moisture Content

Saturated and Superheated Vapors

Constant Pressure Heat Addition

Critical Point

Fusion

Sublimation

Triple Point

Condensation

Summary**Interactive Courseware**

Module 2 Quiz: Change of Phase**WEEK 3**

MODULE 3: Compression Processes,*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 1 of 3, Module 1

MODULE 3 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given operating conditions of a system, EVALUATE the thermodynamic state of the

system.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.32 Apply the ideal gas laws to SOLVE for the unknown pressure, temperature, or volume.

1.33 DESCRIBE when a fluid may be considered to be incompressible.

1.34 CALCULATE the work done in constant pressure and constant volume processes.

1.35 DESCRIBE the effects of pressure changes on confined fluids.

1.36 DESCRIBE the effects of temperature changes on confined fluids.

COMPRESSION PROCESSES

Boyle’s and Charles’ Laws

Ideal Gas Law

Fluid

Compressibility of Fluids

Constant Pressure Process

Constant Volume Process

Effects of Pressure Changes on Fluid Properties

Effects of Temperature Changes on Fluid Properties**Interactive Courseware**

Group Discussion 3

Module 3 Quiz: Compression Processes**WEEK 4**

MODULE 4: Fluid Flow,*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 3 of 3, Module 3

MODULE 4 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given conditions affecting the fluid flow in a system, EVALUATE the effects on

the operation of the system.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.1 DESCRIBE how the density of a fluid varies with temperature.

1.2 DEFINE the term buoyancy.

1.3 DESCRIBE the relationship between the pressure in a fluid column and the density and depth of the fluid.

1.4 STATE Pascal’s Law.

1.5 DEFINE the terms mass flow rate and volumetric flow rate.

1.6 CALCULATE either the mass flow rate or the volumetric flow rate for a fluid system.

1.7 STATE the principle of conservation of mass.

1.8 CALCULATE the fluid velocity or flow rate in a specified fluid system using the

continuity equation.

1.9 DESCRIBE the characteristics and flow velocity profiles of laminar flow and turbulent flow.

1.10 DEFINE the property of viscosity.

1.11 DESCRIBE how the viscosity of a fluid varies with temperature.

1.12 DESCRIBE the characteristics of an ideal fluid.

1.13 DESCRIBE the relationship between the Reynolds number and the degree of turbulence of the flow.

1.14 DESCRIBE the relationship between Bernoulli’s equation and the First Law of

Thermodynamics.

1.15 DEFINE the term head with respect to its use in fluid flow.

1.16 EXPLAIN the energy conversions that take place in a fluid system between the velocity, elevation, and pressure heads as flow continues through a piping system.

1.17 Given the initial and final conditions of the system, CALCULATE the unknown fluid properties using the simplified Bernoulli equation.

1.18 DESCRIBE the restrictions applied to Bernoulli’s equation when presented in its simplest form.

1.19 EXPLAIN how to extend the Bernoulli equation to more general applications.

1.20 RELATE Bernoulli’s principle to the operation of a venturi.

1.21 DEFINE the terms head loss, frictional loss, and minor losses.

1.22 DETERMINE friction factors for various flow situations using the Moody chart.

1.23 CALCULATE the head loss in a fluid system due to frictional losses using Darcy’s

equation.

1.24 CALCULATE the equivalent length of pipe that would cause the same head loss as the minor losses that occur in individual components.

1.31 DEFINE two-phase flow.

1.32 DESCRIBE two-phase flow including such phenomena as bubbly, slug, and annular flow.

1.33 DESCRIBE the problems associated with core flow oscillations and flow instability.

1.34 DESCRIBE the conditions that could lead to core flow oscillation and instability.

1.35 DESCRIBE the phenomenon of pipe whip.

1.36 DESCRIBE the phenomenon of water hammer.

1.37 DEFINE the terms net positive suction head and cavitation.

1.38 CALCULATE the new volumetric flow rate, head, or power for a variable speed

centrifugal pump using the pump laws.

1.39 DESCRIBE the effect on system flow and pump head for the following changes:

a. Changing pump speeds

b. Adding pumps in parallel

c. Adding pumps in series

CONTINUITY EQUATION

Introduction

Properties of Fluids

Buoyancy

Compressibility

Relationship Between Depth and Pressure

Pascal’s Law

Control Volume

Volumetric Flow Rate

Mass Flow Rate

Conservation of Mass

Steady-State Flow

Continuity Equation

Summary

LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW

Flow Regimes

Laminar Flow

Turbulent Flow

Flow Velocity Profiles

Average (Bulk) Velocity

Viscosity

Ideal Fluid

Reynolds Number

Summary

BERNOULLI’S EQUATION

General Energy Equation

Simplified Bernoulli Equation

Head

Energy Conversions in Fluid Systems

Restrictions on the Simplified Bernoulli Equation

Extended Bernoulli

Application of Bernoulli’s Equation to a Venturi

Summary

HEAD LOSS

Head Loss

Friction Factor

Darcy’s Equation

Minor Losses

Equivalent Piping Length

Summary

TWO-PHASE FLUID FLOW

Two-Phase Fluid Flow

Flow Instability

Pipe Whip

Water Hammer

Pressure Spike

Steam Hammer

Operational Considerations

Summary

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

Energy Conversion in a Centrifugal Pump

Operating Characteristics of a Centrifugal Pump

Cavitation

Net Positive Suction Head

Pump Laws

System Characteristic Curve

System Operating Point

System Use of Multiple Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal Pumps in Parallel

Centrifugal Pumps in Series

Summary**Interactive Courseware**

Module 4 Quiz: Fluid Flow

WRITTEN DISCUSSION 1 DUE**WEEK 5**

MODULE 5: Heat Transfer,*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 2 of 3, Module 2

MODULE 5 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given the operating conditions of a thermodynamic system and the necessary

formulas, EVALUATE the heat transfer processes which are occurring.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.1 DESCRIBE the difference between heat and temperature.

1.2 DESCRIBE the difference between heat and work.

1.3 DESCRIBE the Second Law of Thermodynamics and how it relates to heat transfer.

1.4 DESCRIBE the three modes of heat transfer.

1.5 DEFINE the following terms as they relate to heat transfer:

a. Heat flux

b. Thermal conductivity

c. Log mean temperature difference

d. Convective heat transfer coefficient

e. Overall heat transfer coefficient

f. Bulk temperature

1.6 Given Fourier’s Law of Conduction, CALCULATE the conduction heat flux in a

rectangular coordinate system.

1.7 Given the formula and the necessary values, CALCULATE the equivalent thermal

resistance.

1.8 Given Fourier’s Law of Conduction, CALCULATE the conduction heat flux in a

cylindrical coordinate system.

1.9 Given the formula for heat transfer and the operating conditions of the system,

CALCULATE the rate of heat transfer by convection.

1.10 DESCRIBE how the following terms relate to radiant heat transfer:

a. Black body radiation

b. Emissivity

c. Radiation configuration factor

1.11 DESCRIBE the difference in the temperature profiles for counter-flow and parallel flow heat exchangers.

1.12 DESCRIBE the differences between regenerative and non-regenerative heat exchangers.

1.13 Given the temperature changes across a heat exchanger, CALCULATE the log mean temperature difference for the heat exchanger.

1.14 Given the formulas for calculating the conduction and convection heat transfer

coefficients, CALCULATE the overall heat transfer coefficient of a system.

1.15 DESCRIBE the process that occurs in the following regions of the boiling heat transfer curve:

a. Nucleate boiling

b. Partial film boiling

c. Film boiling

d. Departure from nucleate boiling (DNB)

e. Critical heat flux

HEAT TRANSFER TERMINOLOGY

Heat and Temperature

Heat and Work

Modes of Transferring Heat

Heat Flux

Thermal Conductivity

Log Mean Temperature Difference

Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

Bulk Temperature

Summary

CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER

Conduction

Conduction-Rectangular Coordinates

Equivalent Resistance Method

Electrical Analogy

Conduction-Cylindrical Coordinates

Summary

CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER

Convection

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

Convection Heat Transfer

Summary

RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER

Thermal Radiation

Black Body Radiation

Emissivity

Radiation Configuration Factor

Summary

HEAT EXCHANGERS

Heat Exchangers

Parallel and Counter-Flow Designs

Non-Regenerative Heat Exchanger

Regenerative Heat Exchanger

Cooling Towers

Log Mean Temperature Difference Application to Heat Exchangers

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

Summary

BOILING HEAT TRANSFER

Boiling

Nucleate Boiling

Bulk Boiling

Film Boiling

Departure from Nucleate Boiling and Critical Heat Flux

Summary

TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

2.0 Given the operating conditions of a typical nuclear reactor, DESCRIBE the heat transfer processes which are occurring.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

2.1 DESCRIBE the power generation process in a nuclear reactor core and the factors that affect the power generation.

2.2 DESCRIBE the relationship between temperature, flow, and power during operation of a nuclear reactor.

2.3 DEFINE the following terms:

a. Nuclear enthalpy rise hot channel factor

b. Average linear power density

c. Nuclear heat flux hot channel factor

d. Heat generation rate of a core

e. Volumetric thermal source strength

2.4 CALCULATE the average linear power density for an average reactor core fuel rod.

2.5 DESCRIBE a typical reactor core axial and radial flux profile.

2.6 DESCRIBE a typical reactor core fuel rod axial and radial temperature profile.

2.7 DEFINE the term decay heat.

2.8 Given the operating conditions of a reactor core and the necessary formulas,

CALCULATE the core decay heat generation.

2.9 DESCRIBE two categories of methods for removing decay heat from a reactor core.

HEAT GENERATION

Heat Generation

Flux Profiles

Thermal Limits

Average Linear Power Density

Maximum Local Linear Power Density

Temperature Profiles

Volumetric Thermal Source Strength

Fuel Changes During Reactor Operation

Summary

DECAY HEAT

Reactor Decay Heat Production

Calculation of Decay Heat

Decay Heat Limits

Decay Heat Removal

Summary**Interactive Courseware**

Module 5 Quiz: Heat Transfer**WEEK 6**

MODULE 6: Laws of Thermodynamics,*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 1 of 3, Module 1

MODULE 6 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given operating conditions of a system, EVALUATE the thermodynamic state of the

system.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.19 STATE the First Law of Thermodynamics.

1.20 Using the First Law of Thermodynamics, ANALYZE an open system including all

energy transfer processes crossing the boundaries.

1.21 Using the First Law of Thermodynamics, ANALYZE cyclic processes for a

thermodynamic system.

1.22 Given a defined system, PERFORM energy balances on all major components in the system.

1.23 Given a heat exchanger, PERFORM an energy balance across the two sides of the heat exchanger.

1.24 IDENTIFY the path(s) on a T-s diagram that represents the thermodynamic processes occurring in a fluid system.

1.25 STATE the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

1.26 Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics, DETERMINE the maximum possible

efficiency of a system.

1.27 Given a thermodynamic system, CONDUCT an analysis using the Second Law of

Thermodynamics.

1.28 Given a thermodynamic system, DESCRIBE the method used to determine:

a. The maximum efficiency of the system

b. The efficiency of the components within the system

1.29 DIFFERENTIATE between the path for an ideal process and that for a real process on a T-s or h-s diagram.

1.30 Given a T-s or h-s diagram for a system EVALUATE:

a. System efficiencies

b. Component efficiencies

1.31 DESCRIBE how individual factors affect system or component efficiency.

FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

First Law of Thermodynamics

Summary

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

Second Law of Thermodynamics

Entropy

Carnot’s Principle

Carnot Cycle

Diagrams of Ideal and Real Processes

Power Plant Components

Heat Rejection

Typical Steam Cycle

Causes of Inefficiency

Summary**Interactive Courseware**

Group Discussion 6

Module 6 Quiz: Laws of Thermodynamics**WEEK 7**

MODULE 7: Property Diagrams & Steam Tables,*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 1 of 3, Module 1

MODULE 7 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given operating conditions of a system, EVALUATE the thermodynamic state of the

system.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.16 Given a Mollier diagram and sufficient information to indicate the state of the fluid,

DETERMINE any unknown properties for the fluid.

1.17 Given a set of steam tables and sufficient information to indicate the state of the fluid, DETERMINE any unknown properties for the fluid.

1.18 DETERMINE the change in the enthalpy of a fluid as it passes through a system

component, given the state of the fluid at the inlet and outlet of the component and either

steam tables or a Mollier diagram.

PROPERTY DIAGRAMS AND STEAM TABLES

Property Diagrams

Pressure-Temperature (P-T) Diagram

Pressure-Specific Volume (P-v) Diagram

Pressure-Enthalpy (P-h) Diagram

Enthalpy-Temperature (h-T) Diagram

Temperature-Entropy (T-s) Diagram

Enthalpy-Entropy (h-s) or Mollier Diagram

Steam Tables

Summary**Interactive Courseware**

Module 7 Quiz: Property Diagrams & Steam Tables**WEEK 8**

MODULE 8: Thermodynamic Systems & Processes,*DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW*, Volume 1 of 3, Module 1

MODULE 8 TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

1.0 Given operating conditions of a system, EVALUATE the thermodynamic state of the

system.

ENABLING OBJECTIVES

1.10 DESCRIBE the following types of thermodynamic systems:

a. Isolated system

b. Closed system

c. Open system

1.11 DEFINE the following terms concerning thermodynamic systems:

a. Thermodynamic surroundings

b. Thermodynamic equilibrium

c. Control volume

d. Steady-state

1.12 DESCRIBE the following terms concerning thermodynamic processes:

a. Thermodynamic process

b. Cyclic process

c. Reversible process

d. Irreversible process

e. Adiabatic process

f. Isentropic process

g. Throttling process

h. Polytropic process

THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES

Thermodynamic Systems and Surroundings

Types of Thermodynamic Systems

Thermodynamic Equilibrium

Control Volume

Steady State

Cyclic Process

Reversible Process

Irreversible Process

Adiabatic Process

Isentropic Process

Polytropic Process

Throttling Process

Summary**Interactive Courseware**

Group Discussion 8

Module 8 Quiz: Thermodynamic Systems & Processes

FINAL EXAM

WRITTEN DISCUSSION 2 DUE

IED REPORT DUE

A. | Course Title: | Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, & Fluid Flow |

B. | Course Number: | ENGT 223A - 10738 |

C. | Semester: | Spring 2019 |

D. | Days/Time: | Online |

E. | Credit Hours: | 3 |

F. | Instructor: | Yarger, Fred |

G. | Office: | none |

H. | Email Address: | fyarger@nmjc.edu |

I. | Office Phone: | none |

J. | Office Hours: | Virtual Monday: 8:00:00 AM-8:00:00 PM (MST);Virtual Tuesday: 8:00:00 AM-8:00:00 PM (MST);Virtual Wednesday: 8:00:00 AM-8:00:00 PM (MST);Virtual Thursday: 8:00:00 AM-8:00:00 PM (MST);Virtual Friday: 8:00:00 AM-8:00:00 PM (MST);Virtual Saturday: 8:00:00 AM-8:00:00 PM (MST);(770) 973-3369 (H) Between 8AM to 8PM (Mountain Time); Anytime in an emergency. |

K. | Time Zone: | Mountain Time |

L. | Prerequisite(s): | |

M. | Corequisite(s): | |

N. | Class Location: | Virtual |