2. A. Course Title: Microbiology
    B. Course Number: BI 224 - 10025
    C. Semester: Spring 2019
    D. Days/Time: T Th 11:00:00 AM - 12:15:00 PM
    E. Credit Hours: 4
    F. Instructor: Goad, Kay
    G. Office: Heidel Hall (HH) 220
    H. Email Address:
    I. Office Phone: (575) 492-2818
    J. Office Hours: Monday: 9:00:00 AM-11:00:00 AM (MST);
    Tuesday: 9:00:00 AM-11:00:00 AM (MST); 12:15:00 PM-1:30:00 PM (MST); 5:30:00 PM-6:00:00 PM (MST);
    Wednesday: 11:00:00 AM-02:00:00 PM (MST);
    Thursday: 12:15:00 PM-1:30:00 PM (MST);
    I will respond to Canvas inbox messages within 24 hours Monday - Friday noon.
    K. Time Zone: Mountain Time
    L. Prerequisite(s): College level biology course with "C" or better
    M. Corequisite(s): BI 224L
    N. Class Location: HH203

    Microbiology is a study of the importance of microbiological organisms in life processes; basic principles of microbiology; isolation; morphology; physiology; identification and applications of bacteria, fungi, and viruses; and medical bacteriology and bacterial involvement in disease. Concurrent enrollment in BI224L (laboratory) is required. This is a four credit hour course. Prerequisites: College level biology course (BI 114, BI 124, BI 134, BI 144, or BI 214A)


    Biology 224 (Microbiology) is for science/non-science majors and will transfer to most two and four year colleges. Information concerning articulation agreements with regional colleges and universities can be obtained through NMJCs Counseling Office. It is important to check with the institution to which you are planning to attend to determine transferability. Planning for course credit transfer is ultimately the student's responsibility. All students are encouraged to keep the course syllabus as it will help determine the transferability of this course credit to another institution.



    1. TEXTBOOK: Microbiology: An Introduction, 12th ed., by Tortora, Funke, & Case. ISBN: 978-0-321-92915-0
    2. LAB MANUAL: None required. However, instructor will make available laboratory materials via Canvas, NMJCs Learning Management System. Students will be solely responsible for accessing/printing these on-line materials and bringing them collectively to lab in a 3-ringed binder.
    3. LAB MATERIALS: Lab coat, sharpie, latex gloves.


    You can buy your books online at the NMJC Bookstore.


    Students attending New Mexico Junior College will be evaluated according to the following grading scale:

    						90 - 100%	=	A
    						80 -  89%	=	B
    						70 -  79%	=	C
    						60 -  69%	=	D
    					 	 0 -  59%	=	F

    The following percentages will apply to each category of assignments as part of your total grade:
    55% - Lecture Exams & Lab Final
    15% - Lecture Final (Diseases)
    25% - Assignments (Lab Reports, Essay, & Discussion)
    5% - Lecture Attendance

    (NOTE: No curve on final course grade will be available.)

    Lecture Exams: Students are required to take exams during specified times which will be announced the week prior (see course outline for projected dates). Students, who miss an exam, have three days to make up the exam. Exams taken late will have 10% points deducted. Not following NMJC's Testing Center protocol will result in a zero for that particular exam. Appointments are required.

    Lab Final: The lab final consists of a computerized portion and identification of two unknown organisms (Lab 14).

    Lecture Final: The lecture final will be administered in class on the date/time as stated in NMJCs course schedule. NO EARLY administering of the final is permitted except in an emergency AND permission from the Dean must be granted. If the final exam is not computerized, students will need to provide a scantron (form 882-E). To keep disruptions to a minimum during testing, students are requested to be on time and remain in the testing area until their test has been submitted (e.g. no bathroom breaks). No electronic devices are allowed.

    Laboratory Reports:
    Report forms will be provided by the instructor. To receive credit, students must:
    1. Have a hard copy of the laboratory exercise(s).
    2. Submit work on or before the deadline. Late work will not be accepted for credit.
    3. Participate in all aspects of the lab. Students who do not complete a lab exercise in its totality (set-up & read out) may not use results from other students to receive credit.
    NOTE: For safety purposes, students who arrive to lab in open-toed shoes and/or without a lab coat will be asked to leave.

    Essay: Students are to submit an essay at the end of LM 2. Information and grading rubric will be available on Canvas. Turn-it-in will be used to evaluate originality. Plagarized work will receive a "0" for the assignment.

    Discussion: Students are to post on Canvas (and briefly present to the class) a current epidemiological news release concerning an infectious disease at either the local, state, national, or global level.

    Students will earn two (2) points for each session of classroom instruction. A roll sheet will be passed during each lecture session. When present, it is the student’s sole responsibility to sign-in. Signing of another student’s name will be considered academic dishonesty. Students forfeit course participation points for that class session if they violate NMJCs Food and Drink policy and/or Cell Phone policy, arrive late, or leave early.

    NOTE: See Section IX of course syllabus for additional information concerning lecture/laboratory policies and procedures.


    New Mexico Junior College’s institutional student learning outcomes represent the knowledge and abilities developed by students attending New Mexico Junior College. Upon completion students should achieve the following learning outcomes along with specific curriculum outcomes for respective areas of study:


    New Mexico Junior College's broad range of science courses provides students with an opportunity to achieve their academic goals by fostering higher order thinking skills, basic academic success skills, discipline-specific knowledge and skills, and scientific and academic values.

    The course content of Microbiology (BI 224) supports NMJCs mission which is "promoting success through learning" by encouraging students to accomplish the following:
    1. Describe the process of scientific inquiry.
    2. Solve problems scientifically.
    3. Communicate scientific information.
    4. Apply quantitative analysis to scientific problems.
    5. Apply scientific thinking to real world problems.


    Upon completion of the course students should be able to:
    Chapter 1
    1. Explain a brief history of microbiology including significant scientists and their theories/contributions to microbiology and modern developments in microbiology
    2. Discuss the practical applications of microbes in human welfare and disease.
    3. Explain the basic principles and various characteristics utilized to classify microorganisms: monerans, fungi, algae, protists, and helminthes.
    Chapter 2
    4. Understand some basic principles of the chemistry of biology: atomic structure, bonds, and chemical reactions.
    5. Describe the structure and function of important biological molecules (both organic and inorganic).
    Chapter 3
    6. Identify the uses/components of the different types of microscopes.
    7. Differentiate between the types/uses of stains.
    Chapter 4
    8. Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells in terms of their size, shape, and structures.
    9. Describe how bacteria reproduce and how mutations occur.
    10. Describe the functions of the internal/external structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
    11. Explain how bacteria are classified as Gram positive and negative based on cell wall composition.
    12. Describe mechanisms used to transport molecules across cell membranes.
    Chapter 5
    13. Differentiate between catabolic and anabolic reactions.
    14. Identify the roles that enzymes and substrates play in chemical reactions and factors which influence enzyme activity.
    15. Have a basic understanding of the various biochemical pathways microorganisms use in the production of energy.
    16. Explain how biochemical tests can be used for bacterial identification.
    Chapter 6
    17. Describe the physical, nutritional, and chemical requirements for bacterial growth.
    18. Explain the differences between the different culture media and culture techniques used to grow microorganisms.
    19. Describe the growth of bacterial cultures in terms of how bacteria divide, phases of growth, and measurement of bacterial populations.
    Chapter 7
    20. Define the terminology relating to the control of microbial growth.
    21. Contrast the use of physical processes and chemical agents in the control of microbial growth.
    Chapter 13
    22. Describe the general characteristics, structures, and classification of viruses.
    23. Explain how viruses are cultured and studied, including the steps involved in viral replication.
    24. Discuss the relationship between viruses and cancer.
    Chapter 14
    25. Understand the relationships among normal flora, transient flora, opportunists and pathogens.
    26. Describe the interrelatedness of the classification of disease, the spread of disease, and the use of epidemiology to control disease.
    27. Describe patterns of disease, the chain of transmission of disease, and factors that contribute to nosocomial infections.
    Chapter 15
    28. Describe mechanisms of entry, preferred portals of entry and exit, and processes by which microbes cause disease.
    Chapter 16
    29. Compare and contrast specific and non-specific host defenses.
    30. Explain several non-specific defense mechanisms, i.e. fever, inflammation, antimicrobial substances.
    Chapter 17
    31. Differentiate between humoral and cell-mediated immunity.
    32. Contrast primary and secondary immune responses.
    33. Compare and contrast naturally and artificially acquired adaptive immunity.
    Chapter 19
    34. Define congenital immunodeficiency and describe the mechanism of pathogenicity in acquired immunodeficiency diseases.
    35. Define hypersensitivity reactions and autoimmune & graft vs. host diseases.
    Chapter 20
    36. Compare and contrast sensitivity methods used to determine antimicrobial effectiveness, i.e. broth dilution, disk diffusion.
    37. Identify several methods by which antibiotics cause damage to microorganisms.
    38. Name examples of antimicrobials and denote how they affect microbial growth.
    Chapters 21-26
    39. Describe the basic structures and defense mechanisms of body systems, i.e. integumentary, nervous, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, uro-genital .
    40. Describe the major diseases of each body system, including etiologic agent, transmission, prevention, signs and symptoms, and treatments.


    Attendance Policy:
    To encourage attendance, a roll will be passed during each class session. When present, it is the student’s sole responsibility to sign-in. Signing of another student’s name will be considered academic dishonesty.

    If an absence is college sponsored, BOTH the student and college sponsor are required to notify the instructor prior to the absence. Prior arrangements are expected to be made and (when possible) the work completed before the absence.

    For safety reasons, students arriving more than 10 minutes late to laboratory will be considered absence. Important laboratory instruction is given during this time. Habitually arriving late to laboratory is unacceptable.

    Make-up Policy:
    There are no opportunities to make-up labs beyond the week of the absence. When absence from lecture, make arrangements with fellow classmates to get the lecture notes.

    Behavior Policy:
    Disruptive behavior may result in a student being requested to leave the lecture/laboratory session for that day. Disruptive behavior will be documented and if continues will be reported to the appropriate administrative personnel with sanctions requested using the guidelines set by NMJC policies and procedures. Disruptive behavior includes but is not limited to the following: coming to class late and/or leaving early, eating in class, using cell phones/pagers, wearing ear buds (listening to IPODs/MP3s), and conversing while the professor is instructing.

    Laboratory Safety:
    ALL students are required to attend a lab safety lecture and pass the safety quiz prior to performing any laboratory exercises involving potentially pathogenic microorganisms. Laboratory safety guidelines are included in the laboratory manual. Students are expected to observe all safety rules and precautions. Safety precautions include (but are not limited) to the following:

    1. Read lab procedures before coming to lab. Pay close attention to instruction prior to beginning a lab. Students who cause safety concerns are usually those who don't know what they are doing. If you don't understand proper laboratory techniques, ASK!

    2. When performing laboratory exercises, wear a clean lab coat that covers your lap when sitting, latex gloves, and closed toed shoes. Students who do not have proper lab attire will NOT be permitted to participate in laboratory activities. Lab coats/gloves are to be removed upon leaving the laboratory. Gloves are not to be reused. Wash hands thoroughly with anti-bacterial soap before leaving the lab.

    3. Disinfect lab stations at the beginning and end of each lab session. NO exceptions. Keep work area uncluttered. Do not place personal belongings that are not required for lab procedures on your work area. Keep walkways clear.

    4. Discard waste into the appropriate receptacles.
    ---- Regular Trash Cans: non-sharp, uncontaminated objects & gloves (turn inside out)
    ---- Biohazard Container: non-sharp, contaminated non-reusable materials (e.g. agar plates, paper towels used to clean up spills)
    ---- Designated Cardboard Box - used slides
    ---- Designated test tube rack/metal receptables: contaminated test tubes, reusable laboratory equipment, and glass pipettes.
    ---- Container with biocide: other contaminated materials (e.g. non-reusable pipettes & slides such as wet mounts)

    5. ALL accidents and injuries that occur during lab are to be reported IMMEDIATELY to the instructor, no matter how slight.
    ---- Cover accidental microbial spill with paper towel and saturate towel with a disinfectant. Allow to soak for a minimum of 20 minutes.
    ---- Materials accidentally contaminated with potential pathogenic microorganisms will be autoclaved (including clothing) and/or discarded in the appropriate receptacle.
    ---- One accidental spill will be tolerated. A second spill will require a conference with the instructor before the student may resume lab activities.

    6. Keep lids on all reagent bottles when not in use. Never pour reagents back into containers. Do not pour chemicals down drain or in trash without permission of the instructor.

    7. Visitors are NOT PERMITTED in the lab without first obtaining permission from the lab instructor. Absolutely no children are allowed in the lab.

    8. Absolutely no food or drink, packaged or opened, is allowed in the lab. Do not place anything in your mouth (e.g. fingers, pencils, etc.). Do not apply makeup or lip balm.

    9. Long hair must be tied back.

    10. NO mouth-pipetting.

    11. Handle incinerator cones with care. Unplug when not in use.

    12. Be familiar with the location of safety equipment (e.g. eyewash station, fire extinguisher, first aid kit, etc.)

    13. No electronic devices are to be used during laboratory exercises.


    Students will be held responsible for the information on these pages.

    Academic Honesty
    Each student is expected to maintain the highest standards of honesty and integrity in online academic and professional matters. The College reserves the right to take disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, against any student who is found guilty of academic dishonesty or otherwise fails to meet these standards. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in quizzes, tests, or assignments; claiming credit for work not done or done by others; and nondisclosure or misrepresentation in filling out applications or other College records. Cheating or gaining illegal information for any type of graded work is considered dishonest and will be dealt with accordingly.

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Information
    Any student requiring special accommodations should contact the Special Needs Student Services Coordinator at (575) 492-2576 or by e-mail at

    Attendance Policy
    Attendance is required at every session of each course for which the student is enrolled. When unavoidable circumstances make attendance impossible, students must provide a satisfactory explanation of their absences to their professors. College-sponsored activities are considered excused absences and the appropriate sponsor of those students who will be absent from class will notify professors. Students having absences due to college-sponsored activities will need to make arrangements with the affected classes / professor to take care of required work; however, arrangements for make-ups should be made within a reasonable time frame, usually within one week of the absence. Regarding make-up work, absences due to late registration are considered the same as regular absences.

    Cell Phones/Pagers
    All cell phones and pagers must be turned off when the student is participating in any lecture, laboratory, or other learning activity.

    Classroom Conduct
    The professor is responsible for maintaining a class environment best suited for effective learning. By registering for this class, the student is assumed to have entered into an agreement with New Mexico Junior College and the professor to attend the class regularly and to behave in an appropriate manner at all times. Disruptive behavior may result in the student being removed from the class.

    Food and Drink Policy
    Food items and soft drinks may not be consumed in NMJC classrooms. Students are also discouraged from bringing food and drink items into the classroom even though these items remain in sealed packaging. Bottled water is permissible.

    No Children in the Classroom
    In order to adhere to instructional procedures as well as maintain the safety of children, NMJC’s policy of no children in the classrooms (lecture, lab, etc.) will be followed.

    Offering the work of another as one’s own, without proper acknowledgment, is plagiarism; therefore, any student who fails to give credit for quotations or essentially identical expression of material taken from books, encyclopedias, magazines and other reference works, or from the themes, reports, or other writings of a fellow student, is guilty of plagiarism. Plagiarism violates the academic honesty policy and is considered cheating.

    Smoking/Use of Tobacco
    New Mexico Junior College is cognizant of the health hazards associated with smoking / use of tobacco for the smoker, as well as the non-smoker. In an effort to provide a healthy environment for students, employees, and others who may frequent the campus, NMJC prohibits smoking / use of tobacco inside any campus building or facility.

    Tutoring Assistance
    Free tutoring services are available to all NMJC students through Brainfuse and the Academic Success Center located at the Pannell Library on the 1st floor.

    Withdrawal Policy
    Regular, punctual attendance is required for all classes at NMJC. Although the professor has the right to drop any student who has missed the equivalent of 2 weeks of instruction (based on a 16 week semester) whether it’s a face to face, online, or a hybrid course, it is not guaranteed that the professor will drop the student. If the student chooses to stop attending a class, he/she should withdraw from the class by accessing your student account in the T-Bird Web Portal at, or submitting the required paperwork to the Registrar’s Office by 5:00 p.m. on Thursday, April 18, 2019. All students are encouraged to discuss their class status with the professor prior to withdrawing from the class.


    Course schedule is tentative and subject to change.

    Week Of

    Lecture  (Chapter Readings)

    Laboratory Topic

    Learning Module 1 (Ch. 1-4, 11, 12)

    Week 1

    Ch. 1 – Microbial World and You

    Ch. 2 – Chemical Properties


    Lab 1 Microscopy

    Week 2

    Ch. 3 – Observing Microorganisms

    Ch. 4 – Anatomy of Prokaryotes

    Lab 2 Diversity of Microbial Life

    Lab 3 Aseptic Transfer

    Week 3

    Ch. 11 – Classification of Prokaryotes

    Ch. 12 – Classification of Eukaryotes

    Lab 4 Simple & Gram Stain

    Lecture Exam LM #1

    Learning Module 2 (Ch. 5-7, 14, 15)

    Week 4

    Ch. 5 – Microbial Metabolism

    Ch. 6 – Microbial Growth

    Lab 5 AFB & Endospore Stain

    Lab 6 Streak & Spread Plate Techniques

    Week 5

    Ch. 7 – Control of Microbial Growth

    Ch. 14 – Diseases & Epidemiology

    Lab 7 Ubiquity of Microbial Life

    Lab 8 Hand-washing

    Week 6

    Ch. 15 – Microbial Mechanisms of Pathogenicity

    Lab 9 Disinfectants/Antiseptics

    Lecture Exam LM #2

    Learning Module 3 (Ch. 20-23)

    Week 7

    Ch. 20 – Antimicrobial Drugs

    5-Paragraph Essay Due

    Lab 10 Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing

    Week 8

    Ch. 21 – Diseases of Skin & Eyes

    Ch. 22 – Diseases of Nervous System

    Lab 11 Urine & Throat Culture

    week 9

    Ch. 22 – Diseases of Nervous System

    Ch. 23 – Diseases of Cardiovascular/Lymphatics

    Lab 12 ID of Gram-positive Bacteria

    Week 10

    Ch. 23 – Diseases of Cardiovascular/Lymphatics

    Lab Lecture Biochemical Testing

    Lecture Exam LM #3


    Learning Module 4 (Ch. 24-26, 13)

    Week 11

    Ch. 24 – Diseases of Respiratory System

    Ch. 25 – Diseases of Digestive System

    Lab 13 ID of Gram-negative Bacteria

    Week 12

    Ch. 25 – Diseases of Digestive System

    Ch. 26 – Diseases of Urogenital System

    Lab 13 ID of Gram-negative Bacteria

    Week 13

    Ch. 13 – Viruses, Viroids, and Prions

    Lab 14 ID of Unknown

    Lecture Exam LM #4

    Learning Module 5 (Ch. 16, 17, 19)

    Week 14

    Ch. 16 – Innate Immunity

    Report Due for Unknowns

    Lab Final

    Week 15

    Ch. 17 – Adaptive Immunity

    Ch. 19 – Disorders of Immune System

    Lab Check-out & Clean-up

    Lecture Exam  LM #5

    May 6

    (Mon.) Noon

    Comprehensive Exam – Diseases

    Final Exam is administered as per stated in NMJC’s spring course schedule.

    NO early administering of final is permitted except in an emergency AND permission from the Dean must be granted.