Human Anatomy and Physiology I


  2. A. Course Title: Human Anatomy and Physiology I
    B. Course Number: BI 214A - 30215
    C. Semester: Fall 2019
    D. Days/Time: Online
    E. Credit Hours: 4
    F. Instructor: Hein, Nancy
    G. Office: none
    H. Email Address:
    I. Office Phone: none
    J. Office Hours: Virtual Monday: 7:15:00 AM-8:15:00 AM (MST);
    Virtual Tuesday: 7:15:00 AM-8:15:00 AM (MST);
    Virtual Thursday: 7:15:00 AM-8:15:00 AM (MST);
    Virtual Friday: 7:15:00 AM-8:15:00 AM (MST);
    Virtual hours: I am an adjunct and do not live in the Hobbs area. I am available through e-mail or by appointment via telephone. I will answer e-mails and respond within 24 hrs, typically quicker. I check messages throughout the day and in the evenings. I will periodically check for messages during the weekend. If you are enrolled in an on-line course please use Canvas e-mail within the course module. Use NMJC e-mail if you are not enrolled in a class. (w): 575-624-8175
    K. Time Zone: Mountain Time
    L. Prerequisite(s): Prerequisites: College level biology course (BI 114, BI 124, BI 134, BI 144, or BI 224)
    M. Corequisite(s): Concurrent enrollment in BI 214AL (laboratory) is required. This is a four credit hour course.
    N. Class Location: Virtual

    Human Anatomy and Physiology I is an integrated study of human structure and function of cells, tissues, integumentary system, skeletal system, and nervous system. This course is a prerequisite for nursing and recommended for pre-allied health students. Concurrent enrollment in BI 214AL (laboratory) is required. This is a four credit hour course. Prerequisite: College level biology course (BI, 114, BI, 134, BI, 144, or BI 224)


    Enrollment is restricted to nursing and pre-professional students or by consent of the instructor. For science and non-science majors, BI 214A will transfer to most two and four year colleges for credit as a laboratory life science. Information concerning articulation agreements with regional colleges and universities can be obtained at the NMJC Counseling Office. It is important to check with the institution to which you are planning to transfer to determine transferability. Planning for course credit transfer is ultimately the student’s responsibility. All students are encouraged to keep the course syllabus as it will help determine the transferability of this course credit to another institution.



    TEXTBOOK: Anatomy & Physiology. Betts, J. G., Desaix, P., Johnson, E., Johnson, J. E., Korol, O., Kruse, D., . . . Young, K. A. (2017). Anatomy & physiology. Houston, TX: OpenStax College, Rice University.

    The ebook can be downloaded free at:

    A hard copy can be ordered on Amazon from OpenStax.

    Textbook: hardcover: ISBN ISBN-13: 978 1938168130

    LAB MANUAL: UNUSED Allen, Connie & Harper, Valerie. Laboratory Manual For Anatomy and Physiology. 5th or 6th edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. You will want to write in the lab manual, whether you buy the e-option and print the pages out or buy a hardcopy. The lab manual available in NMJC's bookstore is ISBN: 978-1-1193-0414-2 for the 6th edition.

    *There are multiple ISBN numbers for lab manual and the publisher changes them dependent on options. Use the author, title and edition as a guideline. There is not much change between editions the 5th edition and 6th edition.

    Lab Manual: E-Text (ISBN : 978-1-118-80656-2), Loose-leaf (ISBN : 978-1-118-34440-8).

    It is difficult to replace the face-time lab component with an on-line component. A large part of building an anatomy foundation is hands on. The following is required for the lab portion of the class. In a face-time lab you would spend three hours a week in lab and many anatomy classes have optional open labs. It takes over three hours a week on a lab exercise to build confidence and competence.

    Digital capture device such as a digital camera, computer cam or camera phone for submitting documentation of lab exercises.

    Lab Materials List:
    Directions for purchase of the following items can be found within the “Orientation Module” on Canvas. E-mail me if you would like specifics before class begins. There are other common items that you probably already have. Each student is expected to submit their own unique work and not group work.
    1) Approx. $14.00 Budget Life Size Skull 4th Quality
    2) Approx. $6.00 Small Plastic Skeleton
    3) Approx. $5.00 Non-hardening modeling clay
    4) Approx. $3.00 pig’s foot from a local meat market
    5) Approx. $3.00 common kitchen items

    Internet access to Canvas with a computer that has the rights to install Respondus, a lock-down browser. Canvas does not totally support Smart phones, iPads or tablets. A computer will be needed to complete many of the assignments.


    You can buy your books online at the NMJC Bookstore.


    Students attending New Mexico Junior College will be evaluated according to the following grading scale:

    						90 - 100%	=	A
    						80 -  89%	=	B
    						70 -  79%	=	C
    						60 -  69%	=	D
    					 	 0 -  59%	=	F

    Grades will be based on the following components:
    40% Textbook Component – The Textbook component includes exams (34%) and a discussion component (6%) submitted from the discussion board. Exams are computerized and are to be submitted within Canvas on or before the deadline. Unit exams have a four-day submission period. Exam material will cover textbook and laboratory exercise information. Individual feedback will be provided on exams when requested. It may take up to 48 hrs. for an item analysis to be generated. Discussion boards are typically graded within 48 hrs. of the posted due date. Rubrics are used to score discussion boards.

    40% Laboratory Component – The laboratory component is divided into 3 areas. Laboratory grades are generated from the lab exercise assessments, lab practicals (LM1/LM2 and LM3/LM4) and documentation of laboratory activities. Lab points are earned with every lab and values will vary as detailed in each learning module. Individual feedback will be provided on lab exercise assessments when requested. It may take up to 48 hrs. for an item analysis to be generated. All laboratory activities will be graded within 48 hours of the posted due date with the exception of the lab report which may take longer. Rubrics are used to score lab activities.

    20% Comprehensive Proctored Final Exam – The final will be administered during finals week by NMJC’s testing center located in the Ben Alexander Building. If you are unable to come to campus, you must arrange for the final to be proctored by another credible testing center. Remote proctoring is available from NMJC for a fee. NO EARLY administering of the final is permitted except in an emergency AND permission from the Dean must be granted. Students are solely responsible for any costs associated with using an alternative testing site.

    LATE POLICY: Assignments must be submitted on or before the deadline to receive credit for lab work or lab assessments. Late lab work or lab assessments cannot be made up. If there are circumstances that you feel prevented you from completing the LM Exams, you need to contact me immediately. At the time you request an extension, attach documentation of your circumstances (screen shots, CanvasHelp desk details, hospital arm band, date stamped selfies, etc.) Only exams will be allowed for make-up. Should technical problems arise during the testing process (e.g. Canvas logs you off and you cannot regain entry into the exam or quiz), it is the student's responsibility to report the problem to the professor within 24-hours AND notify NMJC’s or 575.399.2199. Deadlines will be adjusted if NMJC experiences technical difficulties with its Canvas server for an extended period of time on the last day of deadlines.

    Retrieving Grades from T-BirdWeb Portal
    Go to the New Mexico Junior College T-BirdWeb Portal login page. Please enter your User Identification Number (ID), which is your Banner ID, and your Personal Identification Number (PIN). When finished, click Login.

    Tips for Success in Online Courses:
    1. Log in to class regularly.
    2. Pay attention.
    3. Take notes.
    4. Keep up with readings and assignments.
    5. Ask questions when you do not understand something.
    6. Utilize your professor’s office hours and e-mail.
    7. Read the text.
    8. Adhere to the deadlines posted in the course outline.


    New Mexico Junior College’s institutional student learning outcomes represent the knowledge and abilities developed by students attending New Mexico Junior College. Upon completion students should achieve the following learning outcomes along with specific curriculum outcomes for respective areas of study:


    New Mexico Junior College’s broad range of science courses provides students with an opportunity to achieve their academic goals by fostering higher order thinking skills, basic academic success skills, discipline-specific knowledge and skills, and scientific and academic values.

    The course content of Anatomy & Physiology I (BI 214A) supports NMJC’s mission which is “promoting success through learning” by encouraging students to accomplish the following:

    1. Describe the process of scientific inquiry.
    2. Solve problems scientifically.
    3. Communicate scientific information.
    4. Apply quantitative analysis to scientific problems.
    5. Apply scientific thinking to real world problems.


    Upon completion of the course, the student should be able to:

    Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. Define anatomy and physiology; list and define the eleven systems of the body, the organs present in each, and their general functions.
    2. Define the six life processes of the human body and explain their importance in the maintenance of homeostasis.
    3. Define the anatomical planes, regions, and sections, and the directional terms used to describe the body as it is in correct anatomical position.
    4. Describe the major body cavities, the organs they contain, and explain the importance of the linings of those cavities.
    5. Locate the nine abdominal regions and the four abdominopelvic quadrants.

    Chapter 2: Chemical Organization
    1. Identify the main chemical elements of the body by name, symbol, and their most common function.
    2. Draw the graphs of both anabolic and catabolic reactions, and using the graphs, predict the effect of the introduction of enzymes to both types of reactions.
    3. Describe the basic structures of the four biological molecules, and differentiate them according to their monomer, polymers, chemical structure, and functions.

    Chapter 3: Cellular Level of Organization
    1. Explain the interactions that occur among the three principal parts of a cell.
    2. Sketch or draw the process of organelle interaction using the organelles of the endomembrane system.
    3. List and describe the passive and active processes that transport substances across the plasma membrane, including osmosis.
    4. Predict cellular responses to exposure to the three different types of solutions.

    Chapter 4: Tissue Level of Organization
    1. Compare and contrast the four basic types of body tissues in terms of their structures, functions and locations.
    2. Explain how the structure of each type of body tissue matches its function in the body.
    3. Define tissue membrane, and describe the two general types of membranes.
    4. Relate the process of tissue repair to its importance in maintaining homeostasis.

    Chapter 5: Integumentary System
    1. Diagram the layers of the epidermis and create a chart listing the types of cells in each layer, explaining their functions.
    2. Relate the location of nervous and secretory structures in the three regions of the skin to their functions.
    3. Describe the functions of the accessory structures of the skin.
    4. Describe how the skin contributes to thermoregulation, protection, excretion, absorption, synthesis of vitamin D.
    5. Design an experiment, using various sources for applying stimuli, which demonstrates the different degrees of perception by different types of skin receptors.

    Chapter 6: Skeletal System – Bone Tissue
    1. Discuss the functions of the skeletal system and explain its importance in calcium homeostasis.
    2. Relate the structures of the components of a long bone to their functions.
    3. Differentiate between the structures and functions of compact bone and spongy bone, including the types of cells which comprise bone and their functions.
    4. Describe how bones grow in length and diameter.
    5. Predict the effect of poor nutrition and regulatory hormones on bone growth.
    6. Describe the sequence of events in the repair of a bone fracture.

    Chapter 7: Skeletal System – Axial Skeleton
    1. Differentiate the axial and appendicular skeletons in terms of the locations, shapes, and functions of their boney components.
    2. Describe how bones are identified and classified according to shape, location and surface markings.
    3. Correctly identify bones and landmarks of the axial skeleton.

    Chapter 8: Skeleton System – Appendicular Skeleton
    1. Compare and contrast the functions of the pectoral and pelvic girdles.
    2. Explain how the structures of the components of the two girdles match their functions.
    3. Explain the significance of the differences in male and female pelves.
    4. Correctly identify the bones and landmarks of the appendicular skeleton.
    5. Correctly assemble a disarticulated skeleton consisting of at least 100 bones.

    Chapter 9: Joints
    1. Compare and contrast the three types of articulations based on their structures and functions.
    2. Predict the range of motion of synovial joints based on their boney and soft tissue structures.
    3. Describe the structure and function of bursae and tendon sheaths.

    Chapter 10: Muscular Tissue
    1. Differentiate the three types of muscle tissue according to their structures, functions, and special properties.
    2. Describe the microscopic anatomy of a skeletal muscle fiber from the sarcolemma to the structures that comprise a sarcomere.
    3. Outline the steps involved in the sliding filament mechanism of muscle contraction.
    4. Describe the structure of a motor unit, and explain how it initiates muscle contraction.
    5. Differentiate among concentric isotonic, eccentric isotonic, and isometric contractions
    6. Given a graph of a muscle twitch, correlate each region of the graph with the steps involved in the sliding filament mechanism of a muscle contraction.

    Chapter 11: Muscular System
    1. Correlate the structure of bones, joints, and their associated skeletal muscles with their ability to produce movement.
    2. Compare and contrast the functions of prime movers, antagonists, synergists, and fixators in muscle groups as they work together to produce movement.
    3. Develop an appropriate system for the naming of muscles using correctly labeled models.
    4. Identify the location of skeletal muscles.
    5. Predict the movement muscles produce based on origin, insertion, and direction of fibers.

    Chapter 12: Nervous Tissue
    1. List the structures and describe the basic functions of the nervous system and its divisions.
    2. Compare and contrast the cellular characteristics and functions of neurons and the various neuroglia.
    3. Devise a mechanism for the production of resting and action membrane potentials using the structures of neurons and the properties of cellular transport as foundations.
    4. Describe the cellular components and properties that cause and regulate nerve impulse conduction.
    5. Naming synaptic structures involved, explain the events of impulse transmission at a chemical synapse.
    6. Describe the classification and functions of neurotransmitters.
    7. Propose a hypothesis which could be used to explain the chemical/cellular/synaptic basis for addiction.

    Chapter 13: Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
    1. Describe the protective structures and gross anatomical features of the spinal cord.
    2. Compare and contrast the basic functions of sensory and motor tracts of the spinal cord.
    3. Describe the functional components of a reflex arc and the ways reflexes maintain homeostasis.
    4. Define plexus, and identify the location of the four major plexuses associated with the spinal cord.

    Chapter 15: Autonomic Nervous System
    1. Compare and contrast the structural and functional differences of the somatic and autonomic portions of the nervous system.
    2. Compare and contrast the functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system.
    3. Predict the roles of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions in response to different physiological/environmental stimuli.


    Student Requirements
    If you have not already received login information for Canvas/T-BirdWeb Portal/E-mail, you will need to contact the Enrollment Management office at (575) 492-2546.

    Check first-time login page for instructions at

    Canvas Assistance

    You must have access, on a regular basis, to a computer that supports the Canvas minimum specifications and has an active connection to the Internet. See the minimum computer specification requirements at


    This is an online lecture/laboratory life science course geared for science and non-science majors. Canvas will be used to deliver course information for both the lecture/laboratory component. The design of the course correlates information presented in the textbook with the laboratory manual. Final course grade is a composite of both lecture and laboratory.

    All tests/lab assessments are submitted via Canvas using Respondus, a lockdown browser. Modified laboratory activities are to be submitted as pdf files within Canvas.

    Should any questions arise during the semester, e-mail me within Canvas and I will respond within 24 hours Monday thru Friday. I do check mail periodically during the week-end and will do my best to respond in a timely manner.

    Learning Module Exams:
    There are four learning module exams. Pay close attention to deadlines for each exam. The learning module exams will contain multiple choice questions randomly selected from a test bank. Tests are timed and are open for a period of 75-minutes once accessed. Once an exam has been submitted for grading, it cannot be re-entered. Should technical problems arise during the testing process (e.g. Canvas logs you off and you cannot regain entry into the exam), it is the student's responsibility to report the problem to the professor within 24-hours AND notify NMJC’s or 575.399.2199

    Comprehensive Lecture/Lab Final:
    The final exam is proctored and may be taken either at NMJC's testing center located in the Ben Alexander Building or another reputable site. NMJC Testing Center offers free services to NMJC students and is located in the Ben Alexander Student Union Building. According to Testing Center policies, students must show proper picture ID and electronic devices are not allowed in the testing area.
    Below are the standard operating hours during final's week; however, it is strongly recommended that students confirm time of operation as they are subject to change:
    7:30 am - 7:00 pm Monday and Tuesday
    7:30 am - 5:00 pm Wednesday

    If an alternative, reputable testing site is to be used, information regarding the proposed site (e.g. Institution's name, address, phone number, and contact person) must be submitted by the student and approved by the instructor by midterm. Students are solely responsible for any costs associated with using an alternative testing site. Remote proctoring using Respondus Monitor is available from NMJC for a fee.

    Discussion Board:
    Students are responsible for three discussion posts related to the learning modules. LM3 and LM4 discussion posts are combined. Posts on the discussion board make up 6% of the textbook component.

    Lab Assignments/Quizzes:
    Even though students may not be able to actually perform all exercises, they are required to read/understand materials presented in the laboratory manual. After completion of each laboratory exercise, there is a laboratory assessment quiz. Some laboratory exercises are modified for the on-line learner and will require the purchase/use of additional materials. Directions for purchase of lab materials can be found within the “Orientation Module” on Canvas and are listed in the Required Material Section of the syllabus. It is expected that materials be purchased in a timely manner in order to submit assignments by the due date. Students who do not complete lab activities by the deadlines detailed in the Learning Modules will not receive full credit unless PRIOR arrangements have been made.


    Students will be held responsible for the information on these pages.

    Academic Honesty
    Each student is expected to maintain the highest standards of honesty and integrity in online academic and professional matters. The College reserves the right to take disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, against any student who is found guilty of academic dishonesty or otherwise fails to meet these standards. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in quizzes, tests, or assignments; claiming credit for work not done or done by others; and nondisclosure or misrepresentation in filling out applications or other College records. Cheating or gaining illegal information for any type of graded work is considered dishonest and will be dealt with accordingly.

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Information
    Any student requiring special accommodations should contact the Special Needs Student Services Coordinator at (575) 492-2576 or by e-mail at

    Attendance Policy and Participation Expectations
    It is expected that you regularly log into class at least three times weekly and check your Canvas mail to ensure you have not missed any changes/updates. Students are expected to complete discussions/quizzes/tests/ assignments before deadlines expire.

    Canvas Help
    If you experience difficulty with Canvas you may reach the Canvas Helpdesk at, or by calling the 24 hour helpdesk phone at (575) 399-2199.

    The professor is responsible for monitoring and evaluating student conduct and student behavior within the Canvas course. By registering for this class, the student is assumed to have entered into an agreement with New Mexico Junior College and the professor to log into the class regularly and to behave in an appropriate manner at all times. Disruptive behavior may result in the student being removed from the class and dropped for the semester. For comprehensive information on the common rules of netiquette and other online issues, please review the NMJC Online Student Handbook.

    Online Learning Environment
    By participating in an online class, you undertake responsibility for your own progress and time management.

    Offering the work of another as one’s own, without proper acknowledgment, is plagiarism; therefore, any student who fails to give credit for quotations or essentially identical expression of material taken from books, encyclopedias, magazines and other reference works, or from the themes, reports, or other writings of a fellow student, is guilty of plagiarism. Plagiarism violates the academic honesty policy and is considered cheating.

    Tutoring Assistance
    Free tutoring services are available to all NMJC students through Brainfuse and the Academic Success Center located at the Pannell Library on the 1st floor.

    Withdrawal Policy
    The instructor has the right to drop any student who has failed to log on to Canvas for two weeks or more, but it is not guaranteed that the instructor will drop you. If the student chooses to stop attending a class, he/she should withdraw from the class by accessing your student account in the T-Bird Web Portal at, or submitting the required paperwork to the Registrar’s Office by 5:00 p.m. on Tuesday, November 19, 2019. Failure to withdraw yourself from a course by this date may result in your receiving an “F” in the course. All students are encouraged to discuss their class status with the professor prior to withdrawing from the class.



           Course schedule is tentative and subject to change. See dates within the Learning Module checklists for Exams and Lab Component due dates.


    Textbook Material

    Laboratory Component

    Learning Module 1 – Textbook Chapters 1-3

    Canvas General Information Survey and Quiz – 1st week

    Week 1


    Introduction, Human Body

    Chapter 1

    Exercises 1 & 2

    Lab Documentation Required

    Week 2


    Chemical Levels of Organization – Chapter 2

    Exercise 4

    Week 3


    Cellular Levels of Organization – Chapter 3

    Discussion Post

    Exercise 5

    Osmosis & Diffusion – Dialysis Lab Report

    Week 4


    Exam 1 Ch 1-3


    Learning Module 2 – Texbook Chapters 4-8

    Week 5


    Tissue Levels of Organization  Chapter 4

    Exercise 6

    Week 6


    Integumentary System

    Chapter 5

    Exercise 7

    Week 6/7


    Bone Tissue

    Chapter 6

    Discussion Post

    Textbook Ch 7 & 8

    Exercises 8, 9 & 10

    Skull Model Documentation

    Week 8

    Exam 2 Ch 4-6, 7.1-7.3 and 8.7 including Homeostasis

    Lab Practical #1 Cells, Tissues, Skin & Bone Anatomy

    Learning Module 3 – Textbook Chapters 9-11

    Week 9



    Chapter 9

    Exercise 11

    Joint Dissection Documentation

    Week 10


    Chapter 11

    Exercise 14

    Week 11


    Chapter 11 continued

    Exercise 14 Continued

    Modeling  Muscles Documentation

    Week 12


    Muscle Tissue

    Chapter 10

    Discussion Post (LM3 /LM4 combined)

    Exercise 12

    Week 13


    Exam 3

    Ch 9-10, 11.1-11.2

    & Focus on Homeostasis of the Muscular System

    Lab Practical #2

    Gross anatomy of bones, joints and muscles

    Learning Module 4 – Textbook Chapters 12, 13, 15

    Week 14


    Nervous Tissue

    Chapter 12

    Labs 16, 17 & 18 – selected activities

    Week 15


    Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves

    Chapter 13 – selected portions

    Autonomic Nervous System

    Chapter 15 – Selected portions

    Discussion Post (LM3/LM4 combined)

    Lab 22 selected activities


    Week 16


    Exam 4 Ch 12, 13 &15


    Proctored Comprehensive Final Exam - December 9-11, 2019