Human Anatomy and Physiology I


  2. A. Course Title: Human Anatomy and Physiology I
    B. Course Number: BI 214A - 30214
    C. Semester: Fall 2019
    D. Days/Time: T Th 9:30:00 AM - 10:45:00 AM
    E. Credit Hours: 4
    F. Instructor: Davis, Heather
    G. Office: Heidel Hall (HH) 211
    H. Email Address:
    I. Office Phone: (575) 492-2809
    J. Office Hours: Monday: 11:00:00 AM-12:00:00 PM (MST); 1:00:00 PM-02:00:00 PM (MST);
    Tuesday: 8:00:00 AM-9:30:00 AM (MST); 4:30:00 PM-5:00:00 PM (MST);
    Wednesday: 8:00:00 AM-12:00:00 PM (MST);
    Thursday: 8:00:00 AM-9:30:00 AM (MST); 4:00:00 PM-4:30:00 PM (MST);
    Instructor will respond to e-mails within 24-hrs Monday thru Friday noon and is also available by appointment.
    K. Time Zone: Mountain Time
    L. Prerequisite(s): College Level Biology
    M. Corequisite(s): BI214AL - Anatomy and Physiology I Lab
    N. Class Location: HH203

    Human Anatomy and Physiology I is an integrated study of human structure and function of cells, tissues, integumentary system, skeletal system, and nervous system. This course is a prerequisite for nursing and recommended for pre-allied health students. Concurrent enrollment in BI 214AL (laboratory) is required. This is a four credit hour course. Prerequisite: College level biology course (BI, 114, BI, 134, BI, 144, or BI 224)


    For science and non-science majors, BI 214A will transfer to most two and four year colleges for credit as a laboratory life science. Information concerning articulation agreements with regional colleges and universities can be obtained at the NMJC Counseling Office. It is important to check with institution to which you are planning to transfer to determine transferability. Planning for course credit transfer is ultimately the student’s responsibility. All students are encouraged to keep the course syllabus as it will help determine the transferability of this course credit to another institution.



    Textbook: Anatomy and Physiology (2017). OpenStax Rice University
    URL link
    While free downloads are available, students are strongly encouraged to purchase a hardbound copy (ISBN 978-1938168130). Cost is approximately $52..

    LAB MANUAL: Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology, 6th ed. (2017), by Allen & Harper. You must get this new UNUSED lab manual and you WILL write in it both semesters. (ISBN 9781119304142)

    INTERNET ACCESS: Materials for the course will be supplemented using Canvas.

    SCANTRONS: If used for assessments, the desired form is 882-E


    You can buy your books online at the NMJC Bookstore.


    The grading scale for this course is according to NMJC policy:
    A = 90-100%
    B = 80-89%
    C = 70-79%
    D = 60-69%
    F = 0-59%

    Grades will be calculated in the following:
    55% - Exams and Lab Practicals
    15% - Comprehensive Lecture Final
    25% - Lab Assignments
    5% - Lecture Participation

    Students are required to take exams during specified times which will be announced the week prior (see course outline for projected dates). Students are required to schedule an appointment with their instructor. Students, who fail to take an exam during the allotted time, will receive a zero for that exam. The majority of the tests are computerized. An ID is required. No electronics are to be taken into the testing area. Non-compliance of testing protocols may result in a zero for that exam along with other possible sanctions as described in NMJC Student Handbook. Lab practicals will be administered only during specified times, which will be announced the week prior (see course outline for projected dates). Students who fail to take a practical during the allotted time will receive a zero.

    A comprehensive lecture final will be administered in class on the date/time as stated in NMJCs fall course schedule. NO EARLY administering of the final is permitted except in an emergency AND permission from the Dean must be granted. If the final exam is not computerized, students will need to provide a scantron. To keep disruptions to a minimum during testing, students are requested to be on time and remain in the testing area until their test has been submitted (e.g. no bathroom breaks). No electronic devices are allowed.

    Lab Assignments
    Lab activity points will be earned during each lab session. The assessment method will be announced during each lab. To receive credit:

    Assignments and/or handouts are to be completed during lab and turned in upon completion before leaving the laboratory. Additionally, students forfeit these laboratory points if they do not attend their weekly lab, leave early, or are witnessed copying.

    Lab quizzes will cover material completed during the previous lab. Quizzes will be completed at the beginning of lab and in teams of no more than four students. If a student arrives late for lab, that student forfeits the right to work in a group and must complete the quiz on their own. Additionally, students will not be allowed to use any resources on the quiz.

    Lecture Participation
    Students will earn one (1) point for each classroom session. A roll sheet will be passed during each lecture session. When present, it is the student’s sole responsibility to sign-in and remain in class. Signing of another student’s name will be considered academic dishonesty. Students arriving late forfeit lecture participation points.

    NOTE: Students violating NMJCs Food and Drink policy and/or Cell Phone policy will forfeit lecture participation points or lab activity points for that class session.


    New Mexico Junior College’s institutional student learning outcomes represent the knowledge and abilities developed by students attending New Mexico Junior College. Upon completion students should achieve the following learning outcomes along with specific curriculum outcomes for respective areas of study:


    New Mexico Junior College’s broad range of science courses provides students with an opportunity to achieve their academic goals by fostering higher order thinking skills, basic academic success skills, discipline-specific knowledge and skills, and scientific and academic values.

    The course content of Anatomy & Physiology I (BI 214A) supports NMJC’s mission which is “promoting success through learning” by encouraging students to accomplish the following:
    1. Describe the process of scientific inquiry.
    2. Solve problems scientifically.
    3. Communicate scientific information.
    4. Apply quantitative analysis to scientific problems.
    5. Apply scientific thinking to real world problems.


    Upon completion of the course, the student should be able to:

    Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. Define anatomy and physiology , and list and define the eleven systems of the body, the organs present in each, and their general functions.
    2. Define the six life processes of the human body and explain their importance in the maintenance of homeostasis.
    3. Define the anatomical planes, regions, and sections, and the directional terms used to describe the body as it is in correct anatomical position.
    4. Describe the major body cavities, the organs they contain, and explain the importance of the linings of those cavities.
    5. Locate the nine abdominal regions and the four abdominopelvic quadrants.

    Chapter 2: Chemical Organization
    1. Identify the main chemical elements of the body by name, symbol, and their most common function.
    2. Draw the graphs of both anabolic and catabolic reactions, and using the graphs, predict the effect of the introduction of enzymes to both types of reactions.
    3. Describe the basic structures of the four biological molecules, and differentiate them according to their monomer, polymers, chemical structure, and functions.

    Chapter 3: Cellular Level of Organization
    1. Explain the interactions that occur among the three principal parts of a cell.
    2. Sketch or draw the process of organelle interaction using the organelles of the endomembrane system.
    3. List and describe the passive and active processes that transport substances across the plasma membrane, including osmosis.
    4. Predict cellular responses to exposure to the three different types of solutions.

    Chapter 4: Tissue Level of Organization
    1. Compare and contrast the four basic types of body tissues in terms of their structures, functions and locations.
    2. Explain how the structure of each type of body tissue matches its function in the body.
    3. Define tissue membrane, and describe the two general types of membranes.
    4. Relate the process of tissue repair to its importance in maintaining homeostasis.

    Chapter 5: Integumentary System
    1. Diagram the layers of the epidermis and create a chart listing the types of cells in each layer, explaining their functions.
    2. Relate the location of nervous and secretory structures in the three regions of the skin to their functions.
    3. Describe the functions of the accessory structures of the skin.
    4. Describe how the skin contributes to thermoregulation, protection, excretion, absorption, synthesis of vitamin D.
    5. Design an experiment, using various sources for applying stimuli, which demonstrates the different degrees of perception by different types of skin receptors.

    Chapter 6: Skeletal System – Bone Tissue
    1. Discuss the functions of the skeletal system and explain its importance in calcium homeostasis.
    2. Relate the structures of the components of a long bone to their functions.
    3. Differentiate between the structures and functions of compact bone and spongy bone, including the types of cells which comprise bone and their functions.
    4. Describe how bones grow in length and diameter.
    5. Predict the effect of poor nutrition and regulatory hormones on bone growth.
    6. Describe the sequence of events in the repair of a bone fracture.

    Chapter 7: Skeletal System – Axial Skeleton
    1. Differentiate the axial and appendicular skeletons in terms of the locations, shapes, and functions of their boney components.
    2. Describe how bones are identified and classified according to shape, location and surface markings.
    3. Correctly identify bones and landmarks of the axial skeleton.

    Chapter 8: Skeleton System – Appendicular Skeleton
    1. Compare and contrast the functions of the pectoral and pelvic girdles.
    2. Explain how the structures of the components of the two girdles match their functions.
    3. Explain the significance of the differences in male and female pelves.
    4. Correctly identify the bones and landmarks of the appendicular skeleton.
    5. Correctly assemble a disarticulated skeleton consisting of at least 100 bones.

    Chapter 9: Joints
    1. Compare and contrast the three types of articulations based on their structures and functions.
    2. Predict the range of motion of synovial joints based on their boney and soft tissue structures.
    3. Describe the structure and function of bursae and tendon sheaths.

    Chapter 10: Muscular Tissue
    1. Differentiate the three types of muscle tissue according to their structures, functions, and special properties.
    2. Describe the microscopic anatomy of a skeletal muscle fiber from the sarcolemma to the structures that comprise a sarcomere.
    3. Outline the steps involved in the sliding filament mechanism of muscle contraction.
    4. Describe the structure of a motor unit, and explain how it initiates muscle contraction.
    5. Differentiate among concentric isotonic, eccentric isotonic, and isometric contractions
    6. Given a graph of a muscle twitch, correlate each region of the graph with the steps involved in the sliding filament mechanism of a muscle contraction.

    Chapter 11: Muscular System
    1. Correlate the structure of bones, joints, and their associated skeletal muscles with their ability to produce movement.
    2. Compare and contrast the functions of prime movers, antagonists, synergists, and fixators in muscle groups as they work together to produce movement.
    3. Develop an appropriate system for the naming of muscles using correctly labeled models.
    4. Identify the location of skeletal muscles.
    5. Predict the movement muscles produce based on origin, insertion, and direction of fibers.

    Chapter 12: Nervous Tissue
    1. List the structures and describe the basic functions of the nervous system and its divisions.
    2. Compare and contrast the cellular characteristics and functions of neurons and the various neuroglia.
    3. Devise a mechanism for the production of resting and action membrane potentials using the structures of neurons and the properties of cellular transport as foundations.
    4. Describe the cellular components and properties that cause and regulate nerve impulse conduction.
    5. Naming synaptic structures involved, explain the events of impulse transmission at a chemical synapse.
    6. Describe the classification and functions of neurotransmitters.
    7. Propose a hypothesis which could be used to explain the chemical/cellular/synaptic basis for addiction.

    Chapter 13: Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
    1. Describe the protective structures and gross anatomical features of the spinal cord.
    2. Compare and contrast the basic functions of sensory and motor tracts of the spinal cord.
    3. Describe the functional components of a reflex arc and the ways reflexes maintain homeostasis.
    4. Define plexus, and identify the location of the four major plexuses associated with the spinal cord.

    Chapter 15: Autonomic Nervous System
    1. Compare and contrast the structural and functional differences of the somatic and autonomic portions of the nervous system.
    2. Compare and contrast the functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system.
    3. Predict the roles of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions in response to different physiological/environmental stimuli.

  11. I. New Student Orientation Video Transcript

    II. Basic Computer Skills: How to use an email account, how to attach, upload, and download files. How to view, save, rename, and print files. Have basic word processing skills and are familiar with using different web browsers

    III. Canvas Technical Requirements

    IV. Technology Requirements for Students: A Desktop or Laptop that is no more than five years old, has at least Windows 7 or MAC OSX 10.6 with 1 GB of memory, 2.4 GHz Processor, has a webcam and a microphone. The Internet speed is between 5 to 10 Mbps per second.

    V. Technical and Academic Support

    Call the 24/7 Canvas Help Desk at (575) 399-2199 for assistance and have your course CRN (ex. 10023) and your Username available.

    If you have not already received login information for Canvas/T-BirdWeb Portal/E-mail, you will need to contact the Enrollment Management office at (575) 492-2546.


    Lecture: Traditional presentation supplemented by PowerPoint and other audio-visual materials; question/answer interaction with students; three (3) hours per week.

    Participation Policy: Attendance will be taken during each class session. Students arriving late will be counted absent. When present, it is the student’s sole responsibility to sign-in and remain in class in order to earn their participation points. Signing of another student’s name will be considered academic dishonesty. To reduce distractions during class time, please be on time.

    Make-up Policy: Plans to attend an alternative lecture section needs to be pre-approved by the instructor(s). If the absence is college sponsored, BOTH the student and college sponsor are required to notify the instructor prior to his/her absence. Prior arrangements are expected to be made and (when possible) the work completed before the absence.

    Behavior Policy: Disruptive behavior may result in the student being requested to leave the lecture or laboratory session for that day. Disruptive behavior will be documented and if continues will be reported to the appropriate administrative personnel with sanctions requested using the guidelines set by NMJC policies and procedures. Disruptive behavior includes but is not limited to the following: coming to class late, leaving class early, eating in class, using cell phones/pagers, wearing ear buds, and/or conversing while the professor is instructing.

    Laboratory: Weekly testing of lab’s objectives. Heavy utilization of laboratory manual, models, preserved specimens, 2 X 2 slides, microscopy, computer models, and individualized exercises. Three (3) hours per week.

    Attendance: Every student enrolled in BI 214A is expected to attend each laboratory session. Students are encouraged to form work/study teams. (Please, no more than 4 per team). During lab, all team members are expected to maintain a learning environment and not be disruptive to others. Those who miss their regularly scheduled lab may make up lab during another lab session of that same week. However, students MUST obtain prior permission from the instructor AND there must be space available. Students arriving more than 10 minutes late and/or those who do not have their lab manual will be asked to attend another laboratory session.

    General Protocol:
    1. Sign-in upon arrival. At the beginning, there will be an introduction to the lab.
    2. Students are expected to remain in the laboratory for a time sufficient to perform the activities assigned. During lab, electronics are to be used for the sole purpose of study. Please do not consume any food or drink while in the lab or use cell phones.
    3. After the lab activities are complete, clean and put away any extra equipment that was used.
    4. Have the instructor check-off your lab manual.
    5. Submit your assignment before leaving.

    Lab Review Sheets: Review sheets are provided in your lab manual at the end of each exercise. These are to be completed during lab time and not PRIOR to the lab. Lab manuals will be checked before lab to make sure that the blanks are not filled in prior to class and for the students name on the front cover of the manual. In order to receive lab points, the completed lab must be checked and signed by the instructor.

    Lab Practicals: Students are expected to attend their regular lab session the week practicals are administered.

    Lab Safety: ALL students are required to attend a lab safety lecture and pass a safety quiz prior to performing any laboratory exercises. Laboratory safety guidelines are included in your laboratory manual. ALL accidents and injuries that occur during the lab are to be reported IMMEDIATELY to the professor - - - no matter how slight. Visitors are NOT PERMITTED in the lab without first obtaining permission from the lab instructor.

    Lab Assessment:Lab activity points will be earned during each lab session. The assessment method will be announced during each lab. To receive credit:

    Assignments and/or handouts are to be completed during lab and turned in upon completion before leaving the laboratory. Additionally, students forfeit these laboratory points if they do not attend their weekly lab, leave early, or are witnessed copying.

    Lab quizzes will cover material completed during the previous lab. Quizzes will be completed at the beginning of lab and in teams of no more than four students. If a student arrives late for lab, that student forfeits the right to work in a group and must complete the quiz on their own. Additionally, students will not be allowed to use any resources on the quiz.

    NOTE: Students violating NMJCs Food and Drink policy and/or Cell Phone policy will forfeit lecture participation points or lab activity points for that class session.


    Students will be held responsible for the information on these pages.

    Academic Honesty
    Each student is expected to maintain the highest standards of honesty and integrity in online academic and professional matters. The College reserves the right to take disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, against any student who is found guilty of academic dishonesty or otherwise fails to meet these standards. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in quizzes, tests, or assignments; claiming credit for work not done or done by others; and nondisclosure or misrepresentation in filling out applications or other College records. Cheating or gaining illegal information for any type of graded work is considered dishonest and will be dealt with accordingly.

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Information
    Any student requiring special accommodations should contact the Special Needs Student Services Coordinator at (575) 492-2576 or by e-mail at

    Attendance Policy
    Attendance is required at every session of each course for which the student is enrolled. When unavoidable circumstances make attendance impossible, students must provide a satisfactory explanation of their absences to their professors. College-sponsored activities are considered excused absences and the appropriate sponsor of those students who will be absent from class will notify professors. Students having absences due to college-sponsored activities will need to make arrangements with the affected classes / professor to take care of required work; however, arrangements for make-ups should be made within a reasonable time frame, usually within one week of the absence. Regarding make-up work, absences due to late registration are considered the same as regular absences.

    Cell Phones/Pagers
    All cell phones and pagers must be turned off when the student is participating in any lecture, laboratory, or other learning activity.

    Classroom Conduct
    The professor is responsible for maintaining a class environment best suited for effective learning. By registering for this class, the student is assumed to have entered into an agreement with New Mexico Junior College and the professor to attend the class regularly and to behave in an appropriate manner at all times. Disruptive behavior may result in the student being removed from the class.

    Food and Drink Policy
    Food items and soft drinks may not be consumed in NMJC classrooms. Students are also discouraged from bringing food and drink items into the classroom even though these items remain in sealed packaging. Bottled water is permissible.

    No Children in the Classroom
    In order to adhere to instructional procedures as well as maintain the safety of children, NMJC’s policy of no children in the classrooms (lecture, lab, etc.) will be followed.

    Offering the work of another as one’s own, without proper acknowledgment, is plagiarism; therefore, any student who fails to give credit for quotations or essentially identical expression of material taken from books, encyclopedias, magazines and other reference works, or from the themes, reports, or other writings of a fellow student, is guilty of plagiarism. Plagiarism violates the academic honesty policy and is considered cheating.

    Smoking/Use of Tobacco
    New Mexico Junior College is cognizant of the health hazards associated with smoking / use of tobacco for the smoker, as well as the non-smoker. In an effort to provide a healthy environment for students, employees, and others who may frequent the campus, NMJC prohibits smoking / use of tobacco inside any campus building or facility.

    Tutoring Assistance
    Free tutoring services are available to all NMJC students through Brainfuse and the Academic Success Center located at the Pannell Library on the 1st floor.

    Withdrawal Policy
    Regular, punctual attendance is required for all classes at NMJC. Although the professor has the right to drop any student who has missed the equivalent of 2 weeks of instruction (based on a 16 week semester) whether it’s a face to face, online, or a hybrid course, it is not guaranteed that the professor will drop the student. If the student chooses to stop attending a class, he/she should withdraw from the class by accessing your student account in the T-Bird Web Portal at, or submitting the required paperwork to the Registrar’s Office by 5:00 p.m. on Tuesday, November 19, 2019. All students are encouraged to discuss their class status with the professor prior to withdrawing from the class.


    The course schedule is tentative and subject to change.




    Learning Module 1 Exam: Chapters 1-2; Labs 1-2

    Week 1

    19 Aug

    Chapter 1

    Introduction, Human Body

    Lab Safety

    Exercise 1: Anatomical Terms

    Week 2

    26 Aug

    Chapter 2

    Chemical Levels of Organization

    Exercise 2: Organ Systems & Body Cavities

    Week 3

    2 Sept

    Chapter 2 continued

    MONDAY: Labor Day

    Out of Class Assignment

    Exercise 5: Transport Across PM

    Learning Module 2 Exam: Chapters 3-4; Labs 4-6

    Week 4

    9 Sept

    Chapter 3

    Cellular Levels of Organization

    Exercise 4: Cell Structure & Cell Cycle

    Week 5

    16 Sept

    Chapter 4

    Tissue Levels of Organization

    Exercise 6: Tissues

    Learning Module 3 Exam: Chapters 5-6; Labs 7-8

    Week 6

    23 Sept

    Chapter 5

    Integumentary System

    Exercise 6: Review Tissues

    Exercise 7: Integumentary System

    Week 7

    30 Sept

    Chapter 6

    Bone Tissue

    Wed: Discovery Day

    Exercises 8: Bone Structure & Function

    Learning Module 4 Exam: Chapters 7-9 (joints); Labs 9-10

    Week 8

    7 Oct

    Chapter 7


    Exercises 9: Axial Skeleton

    Week 9

    14 Oct

    Chapter 8


    Exercises 10: Appendicular

    Week 10

    21 Oct

    Chapter 9

    Articulations (Joints)


    Learning Module 5 Exam: Chapters 9 (movements) – 11; Labs 11, 12, 14

    Week 11

    28 Oct

    Chapter 9

    Articulations (Movements)

    Exercise 11: Joints & Movements

    Week 12

    4 Nov

    Chapter 10

    Muscle Tissue


    THURS: In-service No Day Classes

    Exercise 12: Skeletal Muscle Structure

    Students in Thursday’s Lab need to make arrangement to attend another lab section

    Week 13

    11 Nov

    Chapter 11

    Muscular System

    Exercise 14: Skeletal Muscles & Actions

    Learning Module 6 Exam: Chapters 12, 13, 15; Labs 16-18

    Week 14

    18 Nov

    Chapter 12

    Nervous Tissue

    WED & THURS: Thanksgiving Break



    No formal labs

    Week 15

    25 Nov

    Chapter 12 & Chapter 13.4

    Nervous Tissue & Spinal Cord/Nerves

    Exercise 16: Nervous Tissue

    Exercise 17: Spinal Cord

    Week 16

    2 Dec

    Chapter 15

    Autonomic Nervous System

    Exercise 18: Spinal Nerves

    Final Exam Comprehensive (TTh 9:30 AM lecture) – Monday, December 9 @ 10 – 11:45 am

                                                     (MW 12 PM lecture) – Tuesday, December 10 @ 10 – 11:45 am