General Biology II


  2. A. Course Title: General Biology II
    B. Course Number: BI 124 - 10010
    C. Semester: Spring 2019
    D. Days/Time: T 6:00:00 PM - 7:59:00 PM
    E. Credit Hours: 4
    F. Instructor: Turner, Larchinee
    G. Office: Heidel Hall (HH) 221
    H. Email Address:
    I. Office Phone: (575) 492-2811
    J. Office Hours: Monday: 9:00:00 AM-1:00:00 PM (MST);
    Tuesday: 10:00:00 AM-11:00:00 AM (MST); 4:00:00 PM-6:00:00 PM (MST);
    Wednesday: 11:30:00 AM-1:30:00 PM (MST);
    Thursday: 10:00:00 AM-11:00:00 AM (MST);
    K. Time Zone: Mountain Time
    L. Prerequisite(s):
    M. Corequisite(s): Tuesday Night Lab 8:00 pm - 10:00 pm
    N. Class Location: HH103

    General Biology II stresses the origins of life, the diversity of viruses, bacteria, protists, and fungi; the diversity of plants, plant structure and function; animal diversity, animal structure and function; as well as evolution, animal behavior, ecology of populations, ecosystems, and environmental concerns. Concurrent enrollment in BI124L (laboratory) is required. This is a four credit hour course.


    Biology 124 (General Biology) is a laboratory life science course geared for non-science majors. Biology 124 will transfer to most two and four-year colleges. Information concerning articulation agreements with regional colleges and universities can be obtained at the NMJC’s Counseling Office. It is important to check with the institution to which you are planning to transfer to determine transferability. Planning for course credit transfer is ultimately the student’s responsibility. All students are encouraged to keep a copy of the course syllabus, as it will help determine the transferability of this course credit to another institution.



    1. Concepts of Biology (2014), 3rd edition, Sylvia S. Mader, Wm. C. Brown Publisher ISBN 978-0-07-352553-2
    2. LABORATORY MANUAL: Concepts of Biology (2014), 3rd edition, Wm. C Brown Publisher
    ISBN 978-0-07-751158-6


    You can buy your books online at the NMJC Bookstore.


    Students attending New Mexico Junior College will be evaluated according to the following grading scale:

    						90 - 100%	=	A
    						80 -  89%	=	B
    						70 -  79%	=	C
    						60 -  69%	=	D
    					 	 0 -  59%	=	F

    The following percentages will apply to each category of assignments as part of your total grade:

    55% - Exams (6 exams are anticipated including a comprehensive lecture and lab final)
    20% - Outside Assignments (pre and post assessment tests, portfolios, essay/report)
    20% - Labs (weekly quizzes/handouts)
    5% - Attendance (lecture and lab)
    100% Total

    Lecture Exams/Final
    Students are required to take exams during specified times which will be announced the week prior (see course outline for projected dates). Students who fail to take an exam during the allotted time will receive a zero for that exam. At the discretion of the instructor and with a valid reason, late exams may be administered; however, ten percentage points per day will be deducted. Lecture exams are computerized which are to be proctored by either Respondus Monitor ($10 fee per course) or NMJC’s Testing Center (free). No books, notes, or electronics are allowed in the testing area and a photo ID is required.
    Students using Respondus Monitor require a computer with webcam, microphone, and appropriate Internet bandwidth. Respondus Monitor users are also required to submit and pass the practice exam provided.

    Students using the Testing Center (located in the Ben Alexander Student Union Building) must make an appointment. Standard operating hours for the Testing Center are as follows; however, they are subject to change:
    7:30 AM -7:00 PM Monday-Thursday
    7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Friday
    10:00 AM - 2:00 PM Saturday
    No exams will be started one hour prior to closing.

    One lecture exam grade (EXCLUDING THE FINAL) will be dropped if the student meets ALL of the following conditions:
    1. Has one (1) or less absence. School-related absences must be documented by both the student and the NMJC sponsor.
    2. Attempts all five lecture exams. (No zeros will be dropped.)
    3. Takes both the pre/post assessment tests.
    4. Submits all outside class assignment(s).
    NOTE: A student’s final grade average will not be raised by more than five (5) percentage points as a result of dropping an exam.

    The comprehensive final lecture exam will be administered during class on the date/time per NMJC’s final exam schedule. NO EARLY administering of the final is permitted except in an emergency AND permission from the Dean must be granted.

    Outside Assignments
    Portfolio (80 pts) - Four times during the semester, students are to submit a portfolio that will contain responses to address the specific course objectives in section VII of the course syllabus along with other materials related to course content (e.g. syllabus, article summaries, written reports, etc.). Each time the folder is checked, students may earn up to twenty (20) points. Points will be deducted for the lack of neatness and completeness. Portfolios are due on or before due date. No late work will be accepted for credit. CAUTION: Original, individual work must be submitted. Plagiarism will not be tolerated and will result in a zero for the assignment along with other possible sanctions. No xeroxed or computer generated copies will be accepted for credit.

    Pre & Post Test Assessment (20 pts) - Twenty (20) points may be earned by taking BOTH the pre & post-course assessment tests. The pre/post-course assessment tests are computerized and will be available during the first & last weeks of the semester. The pre/post-tests are for NMJC course assessment purposes only. Scores will NOT count for or against the course grade. Students are simply asked to do their best.

    WWTP Paper (50 pts) - See Canvas for instructions and grading rubric. Papers submitted late will be not accepted for credit.

    A roll sheet will be passed during each lecture/lab session. When present, it is the student’s sole responsibility to sign-in. Three points each per lecture and lab will be given for attendance. Signing of another student’s name will be considered academic dishonesty.

    NOTE: Students violating NMJCs Food and Drink policy and/or Cell Phone policy will forfeit course participation points for that class session.

    Laboratory Points
    Quizzes/Handouts (150 pts) - Weekly, a short quiz handout, or written assignment will be given over laboratory exercises (see course outline). Students who are absent OR leave prior to the completion of laboratory exercise forfeit these points. Quizzes are accessed/submitted via Canvas. No late submissions will be accepted.

    Final - A 100 point comprehensive, computerized laboratory final will be administered during the last lab session of the semester.

    NOTE: See Section VIII of course syllabus for additional information concerning lecture/laboratory policies and procedures.


    New Mexico Junior College’s institutional student learning outcomes represent the knowledge and abilities developed by students attending New Mexico Junior College. Upon completion students should achieve the following learning outcomes along with specific curriculum outcomes for respective areas of study:


    New Mexico Junior College's broad range of science courses provides students with an opportunity to achieve their academic goals by fostering higher order thinking skills, basic academic success skills, discipline-specific knowledge and skills, and scientific and academic values.

    The course content of general biology (BI 124) supports NMJC’s mission which is “promoting success through learning” by encouraging students to accomplish the following:

    1. Describe the process of scientific inquiry.
    2. Solve problems scientifically.
    3. Communicate scientific information.
    4. Apply quantitative analysis to scientific problems.
    5. Apply scientific thinking to real world problems.


    Upon completion of this course, the students should be able to (but not limited to) the following:
    Unit One:
    1. Describe the scientific name used for classifying organisms and explain its importance.
    2. List the 8 taxons used in the taxonomic classification system AND demonstrate its use.
    3. Compare and contrast organisms found in the different domains/kingdoms and cite examples.
    4. Describe the general structure & replication cycles of viruses.
    5. Name the general shapes of bacteria and correlate their cellular structures with their functions.
    6. Discuss how bacteria reproduce and the three mechanisms that genetic variations are generated.
    7. Explain how prokaryotes differ with respect to acquiring nutrition & needing oxygen.
    8. Discuss the environmental importance of prokaryotes.
    9. List examples of diseases caused by microbes & discuss methods that are used to control outbreaks.
    10. Discuss the basic characteristics of organisms found in the kingdom Protista.
    11. Name AND give examples organisms found in the three different groups of Protista.
    Unit Two:
    12. Discuss the basic characteristics of Fungi.
    13. Differentiate fungi based on their spore-producing sexual reproductive structures and give examples of each.
    14. Discuss the ecological, economic, and medical importance of fungi.
    15. List the basic characteristics of plants.
    16. Compare and contrast the life cycles of non-vascular plants, seedless vascular plants, and seed vascular plants.
    17. Contrast the following: sporophyte & gametophyte generations, meiosis & fertilization, bryophyte & tracheophyte, and angiosperm & gymnosperms.
    18. Discuss the basic differences used to distinguish monocots from dicots (eudicots).
    19. List the three major vegetative organs found in plants and state the basic functions of each.
    20. Discuss the basic function(s) of the following tissues: ground, vascular, epidermal, & meristem
    21. Draw a non-woody dicot root & stem cross-section and label the following: vascular bundle, vascular cylinder, endodermis, epidermis, cortex, pith, xylem, & phloem
    22. Draw a monocot root & stem cross-section and label the following: vascular bundle, vascular cylinder, endodermis, epidermis, cortex, pith, xylem, & phloem
    23. Draw a cross-section of a young woody stem and label the following: pith, wood, bark, cork, primary xylem & phloem
    24. Draw a longitudinal section of a root tip and label the different zones of plant growth.
    25. Draw a typical leaf cross-section and label the following: upper and lower epidermis, cuticle, stoma, palisade and spongy mesophyll, vein, xylem, and phloem
    26. Briefly explain the mechanism of water transport according to the cohesion-tension model.
    27. Briefly explain the flow of phloem according to the pressure-flow model.
    28. Define the terms girdling and guttation and denote what process is responsible for each.
    29. Draw/label a flower and differentiate between the female and male parts.
    30. Distinguish between pollination and fertilization.
    31. Differentiate between the seed germination and growth of a monocot and eudicot.
    Unit Three:
    32. Discuss the general characteristics of animals.
    33. Compare the 8 phyla of invertebrate organisms in terms of the following: body plan, symmetry, number of germ tissue layers, level of organization, and presence of coelom.
    34. Describe the basic characteristics of the 9 phyla of animals studied and give examples of each.
    35. Define the following terms: protostomes & deuterostomes, open & closed circulatory system, complete vs. incomplete digestive system, radial & bilateral symmetry, cephalization
    36. Describe the amniote egg and discuss its importance from an evolutionary standpoint.
    37. Discuss how birds are adapted for flight.
    Unit Four:
    38. State the two body systems that are responsible for controlling behavior.
    39. Distinguish between innate and learned behaviors and give examples of each.
    40. Discuss social interactions/constructs used to reduce aggression within a society.
    41. List examples of the different types of communication and state advantages/disadvantages of each.
    42. Define the terms: population, society, community, ecosystem, and biosphere
    43. Apply the Competitive Exclusion Principle as it relates to the niche and habitat of organisms.
    44. Define mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism. Give examples of each
    45. Discuss various defense mechanisms used by prey to avoid predation. Give examples of each.
    46. Distinguish between primary & secondary succession and pioneer & climax communities.
    47. Contrast the flow of energy versus nutrients through an ecosystem and discuss the role of decomposers.
    48. Draw an ecological pyramid and denote which trophic level represents the following: producers (autotrophs), primary consumers (herbivores), secondary consumers (primary carnivores), tertiary consumers (top carnivores)
    49. Describe the function of the reservoir, exchange pool, and biotic community in biogeochemical cycles and state three examples.
    50. Briefly discuss the cause of the following ecological concerns: eutrophication, acid deposition, global warming, ozone depletion, photochemical smog. and organic chemicals along with possible biological magnification.
    Unit Five:
    51. List the four basic tissue types found in animals and give a general function of each.
    52. Explain the concept of homeostasis and give examples.
    53. Distinguish between tissues, organs, and systems.
    54. List the systems of the human body, the major organs of each, and the major functions of each.


    This is a hybrid course which meets one-night a week and involves a lecture, laboratory, and online component. Expect to be in class the entire four hours as we cover the same amount of material as in a traditional daytime class. Canvas, NMJCs Learning Management System (LMS), will be used to deliver course content. If you cannot log into Canvas and require troubleshooting help, call the 24/7 helpdesk at 575-399-2199.

    Method of Instruction:
    Lecture: Traditional, utilization of audio-visual materials; question/answer interaction with students.

    Attendance Policy: Attendance is important to student success. To encourage attendance, a roll sheet will be passed during each lecture session. Please do not sign-in a fellow classmate.

    Make up Policy: There are limited opportunities to make up lectures. Please notify the instructor prior to an absence due to participation in an NMJC sponsored event. The sponsor also needs to provide documentation.

    Behavior Policy: Disruptive behavior may result in a student being requested to leave the for that particular class session. Disruptive behavior will be documented and if continues will be reported to the appropriate administrative personnel with sanctions requested using the guidelines set by NMJC policies and procedures. Disruptive behavior includes but is not limited to the following: coming to class late, leaving class early, eating in class, using cell phones/pagers, wearing ear buds, and conversing while the professor is instructing.

    NMJC virtual communication standards:
    • No text language (For example do not use i, BTW, LOL, IDK…)
    • Correct spelling and proper capitalization
    • Complete sentences (Start a sentence with a capital letter and end it with a period.)
    • Logical organization

    Laboratory: Heavy utilization of laboratory manual, models, live & preserved specimens, 2 X 2 slides, microscopy, computer models, and individualized exercises. Weekly testing of laboratory objectives.

    Attendance: Team participation is strongly encouraged. Students are requested to form groups of four. Each student/team is expected to remain in the laboratory for a time sufficient to perform the exercise(s) assigned. Two (2) points will be deducted if the student leaves prior to completing lab. At the completion of the laboratory exercise, each team is requested to put away any extra materials/apparatus obtained for the performance of the exercise, clean the area, and check out with the instructor.

    Make-up Policy: Students who miss their regularly scheduled lab may make up lab during another lab session. However, students must obtain prior permission from the instructor AND there must be space available.

    Laboratory sessions available for make-up are the following:
    Tuesday 1:30 – 4:30 pm
    Wednesday 1:30 – 4:30 pm
    Thursday 1:30 – 4:30 pm
    Thursday 8:00 - 10:50 AM
    NOTE: Laboratories must be made up during the week of the absence.

    Lab Quizzes/Handouts/Assignments: Students must participate in all aspects of the lab to be eligible to earn credit for lab activities (including participation points). Lab quizzes are accessed via Respondus Lockdown Browser and submitted within Canvas. They are considered individual, closed book, and password protected. They are worth 10-15 points each and have a 15-minute submission period. Pay close attention to due dates. Unless otherwise instructed, written assignments will be due at the end of laboratory.

    Lab Final: A 100 point comprehensive, computerized laboratory final will be administered during the last lab session of the semester.

    Lab Safety: ALL students are required to attend a lab safety lecture and pass the safety quiz prior to performing any laboratory exercises. Laboratory safety guidelines are included in the laboratory manual. ALL accidents and injuries that occur during lab are to be reported IMMEDIATELY to the professor - - - no matter how slight. Students are expected to observe all safety rules and precautions, which include (but not limited) to the following:

    1. No horseplay.
    2. Pay attention to what is being done.
    3. Do not point test tubes, etc. that are being heated at the face.
    4. Always wash hands before leaving the lab.
    5. Do not use any broken or cracked glassware.
    6. Discard all sharp instruments and/or broken glassware in designated waste containers.
    7. Do not inhale volatile materials or splash acids/bases.
    8. No eating, drinking, or use of tobacco products.
    9. During dissections, protective eyewear shall be worn along with disposable gloves and apron.

    For safety purposes all hats, books, or other materials not required for the performance of the exercise(s) should be placed in or under the desks---NOT ON THE FLOOR IN THE AISLES.

    Visitors are NOT PERMITTED in the lab without first obtaining permission from the lab instructor.


    Students will be held responsible for the information on these pages.

    Academic Honesty
    Each student is expected to maintain the highest standards of honesty and integrity in online academic and professional matters. The College reserves the right to take disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, against any student who is found guilty of academic dishonesty or otherwise fails to meet these standards. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in quizzes, tests, or assignments; claiming credit for work not done or done by others; and nondisclosure or misrepresentation in filling out applications or other College records. Cheating or gaining illegal information for any type of graded work is considered dishonest and will be dealt with accordingly.

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Information
    Any student requiring special accommodations should contact the Special Needs Student Services Coordinator at (575) 492-2576 or by e-mail at

    Attendance Policy
    Attendance is required at every session of each course for which the student is enrolled. When unavoidable circumstances make attendance impossible, students must provide a satisfactory explanation of their absences to their professors. College-sponsored activities are considered excused absences and the appropriate sponsor of those students who will be absent from class will notify professors. Students having absences due to college-sponsored activities will need to make arrangements with the affected classes / professor to take care of required work; however, arrangements for make-ups should be made within a reasonable time frame, usually within one week of the absence. Regarding make-up work, absences due to late registration are considered the same as regular absences.

    Cell Phones/Pagers
    All cell phones and pagers must be turned off when the student is participating in any lecture, laboratory, or other learning activity.

    Classroom Conduct
    The professor is responsible for maintaining a class environment best suited for effective learning. By registering for this class, the student is assumed to have entered into an agreement with New Mexico Junior College and the professor to attend the class regularly and to behave in an appropriate manner at all times. Disruptive behavior may result in the student being removed from the class.

    Food and Drink Policy
    Food items and soft drinks may not be consumed in NMJC classrooms. Students are also discouraged from bringing food and drink items into the classroom even though these items remain in sealed packaging. Bottled water is permissible.

    No Children in the Classroom
    In order to adhere to instructional procedures as well as maintain the safety of children, NMJC’s policy of no children in the classrooms (lecture, lab, etc.) will be followed.

    Offering the work of another as one’s own, without proper acknowledgment, is plagiarism; therefore, any student who fails to give credit for quotations or essentially identical expression of material taken from books, encyclopedias, magazines and other reference works, or from the themes, reports, or other writings of a fellow student, is guilty of plagiarism. Plagiarism violates the academic honesty policy and is considered cheating.

    Smoking/Use of Tobacco
    New Mexico Junior College is cognizant of the health hazards associated with smoking / use of tobacco for the smoker, as well as the non-smoker. In an effort to provide a healthy environment for students, employees, and others who may frequent the campus, NMJC prohibits smoking / use of tobacco inside any campus building or facility.

    Tutoring Assistance
    Free tutoring services are available to all NMJC students through Brainfuse and the Academic Success Center located at the Pannell Library on the 1st floor.

    Withdrawal Policy
    Regular, punctual attendance is required for all classes at NMJC. Although the professor has the right to drop any student who has missed the equivalent of 2 weeks of instruction (based on a 16 week semester) whether it’s a face to face, online, or a hybrid course, it is not guaranteed that the professor will drop the student. If the student chooses to stop attending a class, he/she should withdraw from the class by accessing your student account in the T-Bird Web Portal at, or submitting the required paperwork to the Registrar’s Office by 5:00 p.m. on Thursday, April 18, 2019. All students are encouraged to discuss their class status with the professor prior to withdrawing from the class.


    Course schedule is tentative and subject to change.

    Week of

    Lecture Schedule


    Laboratory Schedule


    Jan. 14

    Introduction BI 124

    16 The Evolutionary History of Life

    Course Information Quiz (o)

    Lab Safety (o)


    (Jan. 21)

    Jan. 22


    17 Evolution of Microbial Life

    Lecture in Lab

    Jan. 28

    18 Evolution of Protists

    EX #15 Bacteria, Protists, & Fungi

    QUIZ Lab 15 (o)

     Feb. 4

    19 Evolution of Plants & Fungi

    Review & Portfolio Assignment

    Test #1 (Chp. 16-18) – Testing Center or Respondus Monitor

    Feb. 11

    25 Reproduction in Plants

    EX #16a Plant Evolution: Seedless Plants

    QUIZ Lab 16a (o)

    Feb. 18

    22 Plant Organization & Homeostasis

    EX #16b Plant Evolution: Seed Plants

    QUIZ Lab 16b (o)

    Feb. 25

    23 Transport & Nutrition in Plants

    EX #8 Organization of Flowering Plants

    QUIZ Lab 8 (o)

    Mar. 4

    20 Evolution of Animals

    Review & Portfolio Assignment

    Test #2 (Chp. 19, 22, 23, 25) – Testing Center or Respondus Monitor

    Mar. 11

    20 Evolution of Animals

    Class Presentations

    (Communication Assignment)

    EX #17 Early Invert Evolution

    QUIZ Lab 17  (o)

    Mar. 18

    20 Evolution of Animals

    Class Presentations Continued

    EX #18 Later Invert & Vertebrate Evolution

    QUIZ Lab 18  (o)

    Mar. 25




    Apr. 1

    38 Behavioral Ecology

    (Critical Thinking Assignment)

    Review & Portfolio Assignment

    Test #3 (Chp. 20) – Testing Center or Respondus Monitor

    Apr. 8

    39 Community & Ecosystem Ecology (o)

    See Canvas On-line Notes

    TRIP Waste Water Treatment Plant

    Students will be responsible for their own transportation to the WWTP

    Apr. 15

    40 Ecosystems of the Biosphere

    Evening class begins at 7:00 PM

    Last Day to “W” Thursday April 18th

    WWTP DUE Apr. 18th, by 11:59 pm

    (Self & Community Assignment)

    FILM: Symbiosis – Branching Out


    Apr. 22

    26 Animal Organization & Homeostasis

    Survey of Body Systems

    Review & Portfolio Assignment

    Test #4 (Chp. 38, 39, 40) – Testing Center or Respondus Monitor

    Apr. 29

    Survey of Body Systems (con’t)



    Week of May 6-8


    Final Exam is administered as per stated in NMJC’s spring course schedule.

    NO early administering of final is permitted except in an emergency AND permission from the Dean must be granted.